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Yemen Arab Republic - Urban sector report (English)

Rapid urbanization is a very recent phenomenon in the YAR, and the rate of future urbanization is difficult to predict. Major determinants are the natural rate of population growth, the capacity of the agricultural sector to absorb future labor growth, industrial sector policies pursued by the government, and the rate of short term migration of Yemeni labor. Although YAR is not yet faced with overwhelming urban problems, several that might develop can be identified: (i) supply of land is becoming constrained; (ii) urban infrastructure is inadequate; (iii) rising costs of housing construction and building materials; (iv) limited housing finance; and (v) employment characterized by low levels of productivity. The principal element of an urban development project must be the creation of a viable administrative system, which will require vast improvement in the technical capacitites of all types of administrative staff. Also, responsibilities for urban development will have to be decentralized. Major institutional and managerial improvements included in the recommended action plan relate to land development and registration, municipal administration and finance, building materials, and housing finance.


  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country

    Yemen, Republic of

  • Region

    Middle East and North Africa,

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  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Yemen Arab Republic - Urban sector report

  • Keywords

    water and sewerage authority;gross fixed capital formation;life expectancy at birth;public water supply system;Organization of the Administration;lack of water supply;high levels of remittance;water supply and sewerage;resident population;urban development;natural population growth;per capita gnp;short term migration;low-income group;rural urban migration;urban population;building material;increase in income;international oil price;cost housing;cost of housing;urban growth trend;Land Registration System;low income group;ratio of male;rapid population growth;central planning;rural area;daily water consumption;main urban center;male migrant workers;rural water supply;amount of saving;municipal finance system;project identification;gross national saving;land use control;lack of equipment;urban development strategy;reorganization of municipality;cost of labor;number of migrants;supply of land;urban development policy;agricultural service center;weights and measure;security of tenure;provision of infrastructure;average house size;regional investment policy;local government authority;low income areas;remittances from migrant;variation in remittance;Type of Investment;level of emigration;private sector initiative;Urban Water Supply;domestic water consumption;public utility companies;crude birth rate;urban population growth;access to land;lack of land;provision water;crude death rate;local building material;provision of water;high population growth;limited administrative capacity;traditional building materials;infant mortality rate;traffic management measure;lack of staff;urban service;qualified personnel;Urban Infrastructure;sex ratio;low-income area;housing construction;housing finance;modern sector;urban sector;secondary city;urban problem;informal land;street vendor;traditional materials;private saving;worker remittance;regional pattern;national population;Cash Income;rural-urban migration;urban administration;agricultural sector;remittance economy;government administration;principal city;Housing Policy;severe shortage;rapid urbanization;Rural Sector;industrial investment;administrative center;sewerage system;private investment;government service;agricultural area;concrete block;aerial photograph;squatter settlement;construction permit;port facility;rural population;large town;rural setting;economic prosperity;craft center;regional market;construction cost;housing sector;industrial sector;unskilled worker;emigrant population;sector activity;population increase;government sector;local funding;fertility rate;construction activities;planning capacity;vital statistic;government institution;work force;smaller share;local development;investment structure;investment alternative;sectoral allocation;municipal council;financially dependent;Electric Power;political pressure;border towns;rural settlement;permanent migrants;extended family;university education;industrial base;technical department;desert land;population size;population estimate;Land tenure;population parameter;official estimates;family welfare;administrative structure;productive investment;transport network;Death rates;government investment;trade center;paved road;adequate transportation;limited capacity;secure tenure;pit latrine;cement block;cut stone;excessive profit;ceramic tile;long-term fund;development system;low-income family;increasing costs;urban expansion;allocation system;municipal authority;residential development;government land;infrastructure work;land title;housing stock;cultural tradition;sector work;plot boundary;education service;Education Services;health facility;instruction material;modern health;adequate shelter;secondary teacher;land allocation;increased demand;low-income people;municipal government;demographic characteristic;primary teacher;connected household;seepage pit;septic tank;pollution problem;private connections;soakage pit;adequate infrastructure;sewerage facilities;electricity connection;pedestrian access;political appointee;financial autonomy



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Yemen Arab Republic - Urban sector report (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.