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Improving basic services for the bottom forty percent : lessons from Ethiopia : Improving basic services for the bottom forty percent : Lessons from Ethiopia (English)

Ethiopia, like most developing countries, has opted to deliver services such as basic education, primary health care, agricultural extension advice, water, and rural roads through a highly decentralized system (Manor 1999; Treisman 2007). That choice is based on several decades of theoretical analysis examining how a decentralized government might respond better to diverse local needs and provide public goods more efficiently than a highly centralized government. Ethiopia primarily manages the delivery of basic services at the woreda (district) level. Those services are financed predominantly through intergovernmental fiscal transfers (IGFTs) from the federal to the regional and then the woreda administrations, although some woredas raise a small amount of revenue to support local services. Since 2006, development partners and the government have cofinanced block grants for decentralized services through the Promoting Basic Services (PBS) Program. Aside from funding the delivery of services, the program supports measures to improve the quality of services and local governments’ capacity to deliver them by strengthening accountability and citizen voice.


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    Khan,Qaiser M., Faguet,Jean-Paul, Gaukler,Christopher

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    Improving basic services for the bottom forty percent : Lessons from Ethiopia

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    linear regression;Demographic and Health Survey;net enrollment rate;Financial Transparency and Accountability;net intake rate;education expenditure;capita health expenditure;primary net enrollment rate;agricultural extension worker;efficiency of resource use;promotion of gender equality;access to basic service;shared growth and development;quality of service delivery;universal primary school education;Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome;infant and child mortality;block grant;intergovernmental fiscal transfer;delivery of service;grievance redress mechanism;feedback from citizen;Governance and Accountability;federal government expenditure;skilled birth attendants;social accountability;primary school student;Human Immunodeficiency Virus;exchange rate data;lack of finance;errors and omission;average exchange rate;comparative political economy;contraceptive prevalence rate;local policy makers;social accountability initiative;government budget process;privileges and immunity;reducing child mortality;improving service delivery;human development indicator;net primary enrollment;Decentralization of Education;Service Delivery Indicators;primary health care;social accountability mechanism;cost for water;benefit of decentralization;increases in output;expenditure per capita;reducing maternal mortality;civil service staff;decentralized service delivery;data on results;education and health;provision of service;Antenatal Care;pupil-teacher ratio;ethnic group;disadvantaged regions;local budget;contraceptive acceptance;Health Workers;vaccination rate;wealth quintile;delivery targets;health extension;development partner;Agriculture;



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Khan,Qaiser M. Faguet,Jean-Paul Gaukler,Christopher

Improving basic services for the bottom forty percent : lessons from Ethiopia : Improving basic services for the bottom forty percent : Lessons from Ethiopia (English). A World Bank study Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.