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Catastrophe insurance policy for China (Laotian)

The vast majority of China's population lies to the southeast of a line running from Beijing to Sichuan. This entire region is subjected to major floods each year, while typhoons affect the southern and eastern coastal areas and major earthquakes affect the western and northern margins. The average annual direct property damage is estimated at approximately USD 15 billion, and when combined with other immediate economic losses, including business interruption, disaster relief, and other costs, is considerably larger. As with other sectors, insurance in China is growing rapidly, with a compounded annual growth rate of 25 percent since 2001. The property insurance industry, nevertheless, is underdeveloped. Total property premiums in China are about USD 15 billion, whereas the losses from the Wenchuan earthquake alone are likely to exceed USD 100 billion. According to most estimates, only 5 percent of property in China is insured, primarily among commercial and industrial users. When it comes to private dwellings, it is estimated that today only 1 out of 100 is insured against natural hazards. Clearly, the current property insurance market in China is dwarfed by the nation's need for catastrophe risk protection; at the present level of insurance penetration, China's insurance industry cannot provide significant compensation for large natural hazards losses.

Details

  • Author

    Wang, Jun

  • Document Date

    2008/05/12

  • Document Type

    Brief

  • Report Number

    52953

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    East Asia and Pacific,

    China,

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2010/07/01

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Catastrophe insurance policy for China

  • Keywords

    catastrophic events, compulsory insurance, coverage, damages, disaster, Disaster Assistance, disaster insurance, disaster mitigation, disaster recovery, Disaster Reduction, disaster relief, disaster risk, Earthquake, earthquakes, financial instruments, fires, Flood, floods, government budget, government insurance, growth rate, insuranCe, insurance companies, insurance industry, insurance market, insurance penetration, insurance policies, insuranCe poliCy, insurance premium, insurance premium rates, insurance regulations, insurance risk, insurance system, International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, landslides, liquidity, liquidity facility, local government, natural catastrophes, natural disaster, natural disasters, natural hazard, natural hazards, premiums, private insurance, private reinsurance, programs, property insurance, rates, regulators, regulatory framework, reinsurer, reserves, return, risk exposure, risk insurance, risk Management, risk mitigation, risk reduction, Risk underwriting, settlement, soft loans, solvency, Sustainable Development, tsunamis, typhoons, underwriter

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Citation

Wang, Jun

Catastrophe insurance policy for China (Laotian). East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) Disaster Risk Management (DRM) knowledge notes working paper series ; no. 17 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/232431468219577903/Catastrophe-insurance-policy-for-China