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World Bank Climate Resilient Ningbo Project : local resilience action plan : Final report (English)

Ningbo serves as the Chinese pilot city for the World Bank Climate Resilient Cities (CRC) Program. The CRC program aims to, prepare local governments in the East Asia region to better understand the concepts and consequences of climate change; how climate change consequences contribute to urban vulnerabilities; and what is being done by city governments in East Asia and around the world to actively engage in learning capacity building, and capital investment programs for building sustainable, resilient communities. This local resilience action plan (LRAP) had four parts. Part one investigated natural hazards weather observations and climate models. Seven key climatic parameters were selected: temperature, rainfall, drought, heat wave, flood, tropical cyclone, and sea level rise. Part two examined how the city functions, and pursues socio-economic development through a city vulnerability assessment. The qualitative, city vulnerability assessment was based on five sectors- people, infrastructure, environment, economy, and government. Each sector was analyzed extensively on a range of issues, and compared to other similar Chinese cities to more accurately judge its performances. Part three is the gap analysis. It was performed to understand the government actions and their effectiveness to respond to natural disasters, and whether the current and planned policies and programs address the current and future climate change impacts and natural disasters. This part was supported by the following inventories: inventory of natural disasters, and inventory of policies and programs. Part four therefore was to develop recommendations for each of the city vulnerability sectors. The 70 plus recommendations are specific to Ningbo's vulnerabilities and risks. They are described briefly, intended to serve as an introduction. Feasibility studies are recommended before further action or implementation.

Details

  • Document Date

    2011/06/01

  • Document Type

    Country Environmental Analysis (CEA)

  • Report Number

    70205

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    2

  • Country

    China,

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2012/06/22

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Final report

  • Keywords

    climate change impact;climate change and disaster risk;temperature rise;natural hazard;average annual rainfall;consequence of climate change;energy use per capita;public need;urban heat island effect;vulnerability to climate change;tropical cyclone;sea level rise;geographic information system;climate change risk;drought;natural disaster;temperature increase;extreme weather event;total energy consumption;climate change model;capital investment program;urban system;government action;climate change consequences;land use plan;rising sea levels;climate change conditions;climate change awareness;future climate change;per capita income;water storage facility;climate change vulnerability;loss of life;loss of livelihood;annual average temperature;capital improvement program;climate change information;coastal water pollution;recommendations for action;climate change adaptation;water monitoring stations;annual average rainfall;disaster risk management;long term commitment;annual mean temperature;power and water;amount of rainfall;vulnerability assessment;heat wave;gap analysis;annual temperature;flood;green space;weather observations;vulnerable area;wind speed;land subsidence;daily precipitation;inland region;spatial analysis;hilly area;climate model;stakeholder engagement;local stakeholder;Urban Resilience;urban vulnerability;storm surge;rainy days;vulnerable population;temperature scenarios;maximum amount;replacement value;resilient communities;socio-economic development;regional model;transportation network;water quality;urban districts;healthcare services;rainfall amount;water consumption;hot day;floating population;minimum temperature;flash flood;old cities;hazard risk;heavy rainfall;preventive measure;delivery time;administrative boundary;hazard assessment;maximum temperature;daily maximum;project control;active engagement;project duration;information collection;city area;hazard map;Water Management;City Management;flood risk;water logging;coastal flood;governmental departments;geophysical model;rural resident;return period;city centre;high rainfall;severe drought;energy network;literature review;Water Demand;rainfall volume;short period;effective water;rainfall distribution;spatial scale;monsoon climate;local flood;dry day;intermediate level;mountainous region;high precipitation;future precipitation;rainy season;maximum rainfall;development path;coastal area;port authority;historic value;sectoral plan;rainfall intensity;strategic location;transport connection;heavy industry;mountainous area;cultural significance;Higher Education;increasing rate;coastal city;socio-economic status;flood event;land area;state council;geographical distribution;enrolment rate;water use;wastewater treatment;forest coverage;government leadership;spatial distribution;city government;model result;learning capacity;healthcare resources;population exposure;flood zone;healthcare worker;excessive rainfall;economic powerhouse;local capacity;rural area;financial incentive;urban dweller;productive asset;transport network;drainage system;potable water;energy security;Waste Management;food supply;urban poor;information gap;vehicle ownership;climate forecast;coastal port;vulnerable group;city water;social change;carbon emission;social infrastructure;climate resilience;global cooperation;adequate training;flood control;limited resources;annual precipitation;aggregate data;storm system;insurance system;visual representations;business sector;community outreach;technological advancement;Population Growth;

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Citation

World Bank Climate Resilient Ningbo Project : local resilience action plan : Final report (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/240021468018551980/Final-report