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The water supply and sanitation situation of the urban poor in the Kathmandu valley : result of a research study : Volume one : main report (English)

Water and sanitation development in Nepal has for many years been seen as a rural issue with urban needs largely ignored. The country is, however, experiencing rapid urbanization, putting considerable pressure on infrastructure and services that are already inadequate. The population of the Kathmandu valley has reached one million and continues to grow, and the capital is now experiencing an acute water shortage and difficulties with sanitation, sewerage, drainage and solid waste management. While there are proposals to rehabilitate the city's water and sanitation infrastructure and exploit new water sources, the specific needs of the urban poor have received little attention in development planning. This report is a first step towards filling that gap and providing a basis for informed planning and decision-making. The objectives of this exploratory study were: 1) to better understand the water supply and sanitation situation in poor urban in the Kathmandu valley; 2) to estimate the scale of the issue; 3) to estimate how much poor urban dwellers pay for water supply and sanitation directly or through coping costs; 4) to review the adequacy of technical options in use; and 5) to assess the potential for water supply and sanitation services targeted a poor, either though government, non-government organization (NGOs) or the private sector.


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    South Asia,

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    Volume one : main report

  • Keywords

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The water supply and sanitation situation of the urban poor in the Kathmandu valley : result of a research study : Volume one : main report (English). Water and sanitation program Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.