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The water supply and sanitation situation of the urban poor in the Kathmandu valley : result of a research study : Volume one : main report (English)

Water and sanitation development in Nepal has for many years been seen as a rural issue with urban needs largely ignored. The country is, however, experiencing rapid urbanization, putting considerable pressure on infrastructure and services that are already inadequate. The population of the Kathmandu valley has reached one million and continues to grow, and the capital is now experiencing an acute water shortage and difficulties with sanitation, sewerage, drainage and solid waste management. While there are proposals to rehabilitate the city's water and sanitation infrastructure and exploit new water sources, the specific needs of the urban poor have received little attention in development planning. This report is a first step towards filling that gap and providing a basis for informed planning and decision-making. The objectives of this exploratory study were: 1) to better understand the water supply and sanitation situation in poor urban in the Kathmandu valley; 2) to estimate the scale of the issue; 3) to estimate how much poor urban dwellers pay for water supply and sanitation directly or through coping costs; 4) to review the adequacy of technical options in use; and 5) to assess the potential for water supply and sanitation services targeted a poor, either though government, non-government organization (NGOs) or the private sector.

Details

  • Document Date

    2000/07/01

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    46878

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    2

  • Country

    Nepal,

  • Region

    South Asia,

  • Disclosure Date

    2010/07/01

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Volume one : main report

  • Keywords

    access to drinking water, adequate sanitation, basic sanitation, behaviors, body of knowledge, capacity building, Central America, cities, civil society, civil society participation, clean water, Collaboration, collective action, Communication Services, communication technologies, communities of practice, community participation, conceptual framework, consensus building, Core group, Data collection, Decentralization, decision makers, decision making, decision-making, Diffusion of innovations, distribution of water, documents, efficient use of water, Environmental Health, environmental impact, environmental impact assessment, environmental issues, environmental protection, equitable access, equitable distribution, families, family planning, global water crisis, good governance, Health behavior, health education, health promotion, hygiene, hygiene education, identity, innovation, innovations, institutionalization, integration, intervention, Invention, Irrigation Management, knowledge management, large urban areas, Latin American, laws, learning, local communities, local community, logic, management of water, management tool, marketing, Media, neighborhood associations, participatory approach, participatory approaches, participatory methods, pedagogy, political will, pollution, primary health care, programs, provision of services, provision of water, psychology, public health, quality of life, quality of water, Radio, river basin, River Basin Management, rural communities, rural water, Safe Drinking Water, sanitation coverage, sanitation infrastructure, sanitation sector, sanitation service, sanitation services, sanitation systems, sewerage systems, Small Town, small towns, social issues, social learning, social marketing, social networks, social process, social structures, supply of water, technicians, thinking, training workshops, underdevelopment, Urban Water, use of water, user groups, vaccination, variety, water boards, water governance, Water Management, water resource, water resource management, water resources, water rights, water supply, water treatment, water utility, workers

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Citation

The water supply and sanitation situation of the urban poor in the Kathmandu valley : result of a research study : Volume one : main report (English). Water and sanitation program Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/252301468053930797/Volume-one-main-report