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Romania Catching-Up Regions : Metropolitan Romania (English)

Over time, no region or country has ever managed to develop without urbanization. Global economic growth has always been accompanied by some form of urbanization. Cities generate higher growth and productivity, which in turn promote the process of urbanization. Currently, there is no developed country which is not also deeply urbanized. There is a similar situation at regional level. With a few exceptions, the regions with highest GDP per capita in the EU also consist of metropolitan or urban agglomeration areas. Without a strong metropolitan area or urban agglomeration, a region can never grow efficiently. A country without a network of strong metropolitan areas and agglomerations cannot support long term growth. Moreover, the most dynamic metropolitan areas and urban agglomerations are also most successful in further attracting people and investments. This report outlines a number of solutions for strengthening the main metropolitan areas and urban agglomerations in Romania. The report targets both decision makers in Romania and the European Commission, as well as citizens and actors interested in the development of the communities they are part of.

Details

  • Author

    Ionescu-Heroiu,Marcel, Cristea,Marius, China,Andreea-Mirela, Butacu,Bianca-Cristina, Dolean,Bogdan Eugen, Vintan,Adina Dorina, Frant,Oana, Mihailescu,Gratian Mihai, Moldovan,Sandu Ciprian, Sfarlea,Eva Viorela, Irimia,Ioana-Alexandra

  • Document Date

    2019/10/01

  • Document Type

    Report

  • Report Number

    145528

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Romania,

  • Region

    Europe and Central Asia,

  • Disclosure Date

    2020/01/29

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Romania Catching-Up Regions : Metropolitan Romania

  • Keywords

    safety systems; good quality of life; foreign-owned company; equal access to education; broad range of stakeholders; access to quality education; know how; access to global market; Agricultural Bank of China; early stages of implementation; urban and regional planning; sustainable urban development; metropolitan area; number of migrants; number of cars; metropolitan transport system; long term growth; high school graduate; rail transport service; million people; global economic growth; district heating system; motor vehicle sale; public transport infrastructure; local public administration; public consultation process; housing development program; remittances of migrant; place of origin; channels of communication; mobility worker; fast economic growth; best practice guideline; public transport vehicle; standard of living; small business incubator; tourists per year; cost of living; free market price; public transport network; investment in housing; global distribution network; personal motor vehicle; global fertility rate; domestic private investment; loss of fertility; high fertility rate; increase in consumption; construction of motorway; supply chain; growth and development; chamber of commerce; fixed exchange rate; tertiary education system; road transport service; coal industry; parent and children; direct foreign investment; local public finance; export of goods; cost of rent; main urban areas; Migration Policies; cooperation and development; coal mine; long term development; body of law; Oil and Gas; Oil & Gas; urban agglomeration; petroleum refining; oil processing; electrical equipment; social media; urban design; city hall; population decline; disruptive innovation; public authority; Urban Planning; public space; financial service; urban centre; Population Growth; young people; foreign investor; private company; middle class; food production; foreign student; high wage; historic centre; vocational school; green area; local economy; rural area; consumer food; Parking Lot; urban regeneration; core city; business environment; available resources; the administration; exploitation site; construction material; tax incentive; green space; lagging region; demographic decline; living organism; maritime shipping; state budget; largest markets; global consumption; public fund; multinational company; global scale; civil society; economic model; non-governmental organization; development vision; university campuses; external market; financial cycle; cohesion policy; pipeline transport; recent years; higher growth; technological advancement; central administration; average price; Capital Investments; medical product; comparative advantage; multinational companies; Population Density; public area; motorway network; export market; effective monitoring; educational infrastructure; high share; preferential access; civic centres; fund investment; massive investment; replacement level; living standard; medical equipment; spatial planning; production facility; Urban Infrastructure; external migration; building permit; car manufacturer; rural transportation infrastructure; urban space; several times; young population; life expectancy; city population; social group; home appliance; accessibility problem; state fund; secondary city; foreign company; university graduate; resource exploitation; urban planner; national survey; local entrepreneur; local presence; cultural affinities; Health Service; world economy; learning system; regional hospital; Bike Path; evaluation system; research university; industrial park; apartment block; Vocational Education; web page; private source; thermal insulation; online platform; online survey; city map; subnational authority; historic city; business infrastructure; investment fund; gross income; new house; average wage; Public-Private Partnership; territorial planning; Media Industry; project ideas; external trade; ppp development; social housing; infrastructure problem; investment cycle; port sites

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Citation

Ionescu-Heroiu,Marcel Cristea,Marius China,Andreea-Mirela Butacu,Bianca-Cristina Dolean,Bogdan Eugen Vintan,Adina Dorina Frant,Oana Mihailescu,Gratian Mihai Moldovan,Sandu Ciprian Sfarlea,Eva Viorela Irimia,Ioana-Alexandra

Romania Catching-Up Regions : Metropolitan Romania (English). Romania: Catching-Up Regions,Metropolitan Romania Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/255131580296079611/Romania-Catching-Up-Regions-Metropolitan-Romania