Skip to Main Navigation

Exports to Jobs : Boosting the Gains from Trade in South Asia (English)

South Asia’s economy has grown rapidly, and the region has made a significant reduction in poverty. However, the available jobs for the growing working population remain limited. Policy makers are contending with lingering concerns about jobless growth and poor job quality. Exports to Jobs: Boosting the Gains from Trade in South Asia posits that exports, could bring higher wages and better jobs to South Asia. The report uses a new methodology to estimate the potential impact from higher South Asian exports per worker on wages and employment. The report finds that increasing exports per worker would result in higher wages, mostly for the better-off groups—like the better-educated workers, men, and the more-experienced workers—although the less-skilled and rural workers would benefit from new job opportunities outside of the informal sector. Report findings show that to spread the benefits from higher exports widely, policies are needed to raise skills and get certain groups, such as women and youth, into more and better jobs. Complementary measures include removing trade barriers and investing in infrastructure, and increasing the ability of workers to find higher-paying jobs. Together, these actions would help South Asian countries spread the gains from being closely integrated into the global economy through exporting. This book, which is the product of a partnership between the International Labour Organization and the World Bank, contributes to our understanding of the impact that growing exports can have on increasing well-being, and it bridges the gap between academic research and policy making.


  • Author

    Artuc,Erhan, Lopez-Acevedo,Gladys C., Robertson,Raymond, Samaan,Daniel

  • Document Date


  • Document Type


  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country

    South Asia,

  • Region

    South Asia,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Exports to Jobs : Boosting the Gains from Trade in South Asia

  • Keywords

    Poverty and Equity; local labor market; labor force participation rate; labor market outcome; female labor force participation; Finance & Private Sector; local labor market condition; labor force survey data; formal sector wage distribution; quality of life indicator; trade and growth; participation of woman; number of workers; increase in labor; high growth rate; free trade agreement; gross domestic product; source income; mobility worker; effect of trade; international trade policy; international labor market; labor market friction; development research group; effect of tariff; share of import; source of income; share of wage; Access to Education; quantity of exports; measure of inequality; industry and state; share of employment; labor market opportunities; privileges and immunity; skills of worker; reduction in poverty; living in poverty; interests of worker; economic policy research; share of woman; reduction of poverty; economic growth rate; quality of infrastructure; labor market performance; global value chain; areas of trade; export shock; high wage; trade exposure; standard deviation; annual wage; increasing exports; urban worker; job growth; jobless growth; worker type; informal sector; working-age population; econometric analysis; informal worker; wage increase; low-skilled worker; trade shock; Young Workers; aggregate employment; import demand; trade growth; high share; employment share; complementary policies; tariff reduction; average wage; affected worker; total employment; trade datum; tariff rate; export growth; export orientation; indian rupee; literature review; declining unemployment; rural area; informal employment; data limitation; labor-intensive industry; protecting worker; research fellow; differential impact; regular job; independent variable; rural worker; Wage Bill; artificial intelligence; social trends; import-substitution industrialization; advanced economy; remove trade; labor provision; spatial variation; modest increase; casual work; Job Quality; policy priority; road map; extreme poverty; business administration; wage gap; demographic group; Population Growth; population increase; creating job; positive relationship; social obstacle; working population; policy option; educational background; educational level; freer trade; labor input; merchandise export; worker mobility; land market; worker increase; production system; vocational institute; trade assistance; import competition; regional impact; youth population; Informal Jobs; falling poverty; world trade; employment growth; living standard; salaried worker; increased export; exogenous shock; high concentration; local economy; import protection; international agreement; export industry; marginalized group; empirical approaches; positive impact; standard practice; percent change; college graduate; policy variable; school graduate; job opportunities; job opportunity; rising demand; unemployment insurance; income support; employment status; workers benefit; wage changes; income inequality; global development; global companies; sole responsibility; vibrant democracy; world economy; Trade Policies; Social Protection; aging society; removing barriers; original work; human capital; administrative support; research focus; macroeconomics class; formal economy; file conversion; energy crisis; commercial purpose; economic research; global economy; alternative employment; copyright owner; complementary measure; global integration; public policy; academic research



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.


Artuc,Erhan Lopez-Acevedo,Gladys C. Robertson,Raymond Samaan,Daniel

Exports to Jobs : Boosting the Gains from Trade in South Asia (English). South Asia Development Forum Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.