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Nepal - Country environmental analysis : strengthening institutions and management systems for enhanced environmental governance (English)

The main objective of the Country Environmental Analysis (CEA) in Nepal is to identify opportunities for enhancing the overall performance of select environmental management systems through improvements in the effectiveness of institutions, policies, and processes. CEA has been built upon the following three primary study components: (a) an examination of the environmental issues associated with infrastructure development, focusing on the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process in priority growth sectors; (b) an analysis of environmental issues linked to rapid urbanization, focusing on the growing problems of solid waste, poor air quality, and industrial pollution, and the resulting impacts on environmental health; and (c) an analysis of the policy and institutional underpinnings related to key environmental management systems at the national and local levels. This report provides the basis for a discussion of the challenges and options facing Nepal in regard to improving the performance of key environmental management systems and institutions to support its growth and poverty alleviation agenda.


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  • Document Type

    Other Environmental Study

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  • Region

    South Asia,

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  • Doc Name

    Nepal - Country environmental analysis : strengthening institutions and management systems for enhanced environmental governance

  • Keywords

    Solid Waste Management;urbanization;urban air pollution;indoor air pollution;Health cost;environmental health;decentralization of government function;water supply and sanitation;quality of drinking water;Growth and Development Strategy;small and medium enterprise;introduction of cleaner technology;federal system of government;danish international development;convention on climate change;policy and institution;rapid urbanization;urban health;source of revenue;urban environmental service;traditional natural resource;Natural Resource Management;inadequate water;environmental pressure;industrial pollution;brick kiln;proper waste disposal;environmental health risk;drinking water quality;water supply coverage;allocation of resource;public health concern;investments in infrastructure;adjacent water body;environmental assessment process;total energy consumption;acute respiratory infection;village development committee;liquefied petroleum gas;environmental management practices;social development department;capacity of institutions;natural resource base;initial environmental examination;decentralization of power;private sector representative;access to information;exposure to smoke;local water body;large urban areas;greenhouse gas reduction;land use policy;alien plant species;alternative delivery mechanism;burden of disease;poverty reduction goal;loss of biodiversity;poor air quality;access to water;Environmental Policy;environmental condition;sustainable livelihood;pollution control;environmental issue;local capacity;road sector;cottage industry;non-governmental organization;Management Systems;local bodies;local development;sanitation coverage;total sanitation;financial sustainability;executive branch;industrial activity;industrial growth;hydropower sector;thematic area;garment manufacturer;development of legislation;manufacturing industry;environmental performance;small industry;pollution issues;court decision;environmental standard;financial resource;capacity constraint;environmental responsibility;feces disposal;groundwater source;resource constraint;urban population;source separation;government regulator;donor support;citizen monitoring;statutory responsibility;environmental industry;environmental law;organizational models;Forest Conservation;monitoring stations;information clearinghouse;government initiative;financial framework;urban water;financial incentive;industrial compliance;Basic Sanitation;peace process;administrative management;management responsibility;environmental authority;staff resource;technical expertise;good policy;agricultural road;industrial sector;large population;effluent discharge;outpatient visits;health institution;hydropower potential;rice field;rural transportation infrastructure;rural population;effective policies;environmental concern;sanitary facility;water hyacinth;urban wetlands;agricultural product;poor water;poverty trend;soil erosion;resource sector;agricultural runoff;urbanized countries;public intervention;civil society;post conflict;mental issues;environmental priority;soil fertility;agricultural area;environmental decision;development performance;environmental pollution;institutional underpinning;mountain ecosystem;geographic area;poverty alleviation;quality improvement;peace agreement;pollution load;road condition;stakeholder consultation;consultation meeting;clearance process;interior design;good governance;social inclusion;targeted program;environmental cost;subsidiary right;domestic product;subsequent phase;physical planning;Health Service;nepalese rupee;industrial management;environmental infrastructure;agricultural land;basic amenity;greater access;transportation cost;hydropower development;institutional model;protected area;subsidy policy;clean environment;municipal revenue;temperature trend;climate variability;brick industry;citizen involvement;study estimate;applicable law;living condition;health facility;public consultation;biomass fuel;rising cost;quality of house;urban resident



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Nepal - Country environmental analysis : strengthening institutions and management systems for enhanced environmental governance (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.