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Lebanon - Environment and Solid Waste Management Project : environmental impact assessment study (English)

The purpose of the environmental assessment is to ensure the projects under consideration are environmentally sound and sustainable, and that possible negative impacts are identified, and mitigation measures to properly address these issues are incorporated into project design. In doing so, several alternatives for achieving the project objectives have been evaluated along with the risks associated with each item. The scope of the study includes an assessment of the physical environment, the biological environment and the socio-cultural environment. The potential impacts of the project identified by the study are: 1) settlement and relocation of population; 2) nuisances; 3) level of pollution; 4) natural habitat; 5) cultural heritage; and 6) traffic. Major findings of the study are: 1) the sanitary landfill was deemed to be the best technology to remedy for the solid waste disposal problem of West Bekaa, since it answers an overall regional problem; 2) the landfill will cause negative impacts in terms of modification of land occupation, noise pollution, odor, and dust; and 3) the effects of composting plants are negligible on the site morphology, the fauna and flora, the climate, the tourist attractions, the archeological sites, and the presence of utilities.


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    Environmental Assessment

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    Middle East and North Africa,

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    Lebanon - Environment and Solid Waste Management Project : environmental impact assessment study

  • Keywords

    solid waste management program;solid waste disposal facility;construction drawing;construction cost;construction contractor;contamination of surface;analysis of alternatives;sanitary landfill;landfill manager;reconstruction and rehabilitation;standards of education;surface water runoff;method of disposal;solid waste problem;waste on site;solid waste collection;waste collection costs;public health impact;mitigation measure;hospital waste;visual inspection;noise pollution;landfill operator;administrative building;land use;construction inspection;site inspection;disposal practice;inert material;temperature extremes;cost center;regional collection;monitoring well;suspended particle;tourist attraction;Public Services;compost plant;archeological site;service coverage;heavy equipment;composting plant;monitoring criteria;non-governmental organization;water storage;heavy truck;fire hydrant;groundwater pollution;special collection;compost quality;political structure;waste compaction;socioeconomic progress;sanitary condition;Urban Planning;natural conditions;soil structure;dramatic change;refuse collection;annual budget;benchmark construction;educational program;urban settlement;industrial center;educational building;coastal area;disposal service;organizational arrangement;post closure;leachate collection;water bodies;infrastructure planning;center construction;regional value;supervision cost;regional space;Green Construction;rail system;runoff water;center costs;raw sewage;truck traffic;compactor trucks;incoming refuse;open burn;unrestricted access;transportation network;political stability;land site;regional waste;disposal site;Cultural Heritage;adequate treatment;monitoring cost;mitigation cost;speed limitation;moisture content;organic matter;disposal problem;hospital incinerators;electrical power;natural habitat;technology selection;natural environment;geographic location;land acquisition;land occupation;construction activities;environmental characteristic;agricultural production;epidemic risks;local regulation;water table;



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Lebanon - Environment and Solid Waste Management Project : environmental impact assessment study (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.