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Toward gender equality in East Asia and the Pacific : a companion to the world development report (English)

In recent decades, women across the globe have made positive strides toward gender equality. Literacy rates for young women and girls are higher than ever before, while gender gaps in primary education have closed in almost all countries. In the last three decades, over half a billion women have joined the world's labor force (World Bank 2011c). Progress toward gender equality in East Asia and the Pacific has been similarly noteworthy. Most countries in the region have either reached or surpassed gender parity in education enrollments. Health outcomes for both women and men have improved significantly. Female labor force participation rates in the region are relatively high. Yet, despite considerable progress in this economically dynamic region, gender disparities persist in a number of important areas, particularly in access to economic opportunity and in voice and influence in society. For policy makers in East Asian and Pacific countries, closing these gender gaps represents an important challenge to achieving more inclusive and effective development. The East Asia and Pacific Region's significant economic growth, structural transformation, and poverty reduction in the last few decades have been associated with reduced gender inequalities in several dimensions. But growth and development have not been enough to attain gender equality in all its dimensions. This report clarifies empirically the relationship between gender and development and outlines an agenda for public action to promote gender equality in East Asian and Pacific countries.


  • Author

    Badiani-Magnusson,Reena C, Del Carpio,Ximena Vanessa, Mason,Andrew D., Nguyen,Trang Van, Patrick,Katherine Sarah

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  • Country

    East Asia and Pacific,

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    East Asia and Pacific,

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  • Doc Name

    Toward gender equality in East Asia and the Pacific : a companion to the world development report

  • Keywords

    Gender Equality;female labor force participation rates;Demographic and Health Survey;gender gap in adult literacy;promoting gender equality;gender gap in education;information and communication technology;life expectancy at birth;active labor market policy;Active Labor Market Policies;Maternal and Child Mortality;quality of service delivery;small and medium enterprise;gender gap in primary;mechanisms for gender equality;gender equality in education;approach to policy making;maternal mortality rate;secondary school enrollment;violence against woman;fields of study;growth and development;gender wage gap;global economic integration;education and health;gross domestic product;ethnic minority groups;agricultural extension service;migrant domestic worker;female infant mortality;average education level;gender and development;years of schooling;average household income;Gender and Trade;closing gender gap;old-age dependency ratio;reducing maternal mortality;unpaid family worker;physical health care;health and nutrition;children under age;privileges and immunity;rapid population aging;output per worker;alcohol use disorder;formal financial institution;secondary school level;health care cost;enactment of law;gdp growth rate;improved water source;mobile phone subscriber;body mass index;persistent gender gap;access to finance;difference in returns;purchasing power parity;conditional cash transfer;education for all;formal sector;sex ratio;development policy;gender inequalities;Gender Inequality;public policy;rural area;civil society;human capital;productive resource;productive asset;fertility rate;gender dimension;gender difference;male farmer;civic activism;global standard;Prenatal Care;higher-income countries;cash earnings;capital-intensive industries;health outcome;sex discrimination;intimate partner;educational enrollment;live birth;informal sector;spousal violence;agricultural output;poverty trend;employment opportunities;adult population;productive capital;competitive world;Learning and Innovation Credit;employment opportunity;worker productivity;adult woman;educated child;household asset;adult female;open trade;skilled attendant;local conservation;high share;productivity effect;global economy;social capital;increasing investment;marginal effect;enrollment ratio;substantial variation;self-help group;gross enrollment;traditional norm;allocation policy;health indicator;empirical analysis;income growth;administrative region;social standing;extreme poverty;formal setting;gender equity;urban population;female participation;female migrant;household purchases;communication strategy;new guinea;positive relationship;educated woman;public action;qualitative study;evidence-based policy;gender issue;urban growth;improved sanitation;female ratio;school curricula;gender stereotyping;Property Law;retirement age;aging population;affirmative action;consumption poverty;family status;firm size;informal firms;domestic activity;poor household;young child;female employment;female managers;female workers;tertiary level;household wealth;agricultural land;sectoral composition;temporary worker;household decision;wealth quintile;management position;youth literacy;inverse relationship;knowledge gap;legal environment;present analysis;global knowledge;policy formulation;commercial purpose;young woman;contraceptive prevalence;skilled professional;lung cancer;Alcohol Consumption;land size;female access;intergenerational transmission;civic action;policy preference;education gap;legal protection;male enrollment;school ratio;younger cohort;international standard;education enrollment;non-governmental organization;education structure;school outcome;social characteristic;



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Badiani-Magnusson,Reena C Del Carpio,Ximena Vanessa Mason,Andrew D. Nguyen,Trang Van Patrick,Katherine Sarah

Toward gender equality in East Asia and the Pacific : a companion to the world development report (English). World Bank East Asia and Pacific regional report Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.