Skip to Main Navigation

Climate change and poverty -- an analytical framework (English)

Climate change and climate policies will affect poverty reduction efforts through direct and immediate impacts on the poor and by affecting factors that condition poverty reduction, such as economic growth. This paper explores this relation between climate change and policies and poverty outcomes by examining three questions: the (static) impact on poor people's livelihood and well-being; the impact on the risk for non-poor individuals to fall into poverty; and the impact on the ability of poor people to escape poverty. The paper proposes four channels that determine household consumption and through which households may escape or fall into poverty (prices, assets, productivity, and opportunities). It then discusses whether and how these channels are affected by climate change and climate policies, focusing on the exposure, vulnerability, and ability to adapt of the poor (and those vulnerable to poverty). It reviews the existing literature and offers three major conclusions. First, climate change is likely to represent a major obstacle to a sustained eradication of poverty. Second, climate policies are compatible with poverty reduction provided that (i) poverty concerns are carefully taken into account in their design and (ii) they are accompanied by the appropriate set of social policies. Third, climate change does not modify how poverty policies should be designed, but it creates greater needs and more urgency. The scale issue is explained by the fact that climate will cause more frequent and more severe shocks; the urgency, by the need to exploit the window of opportunity given to us before climate impacts are likely to substantially increase.

Details

  • Author

    Bangalore, Mook, Bonzanigo,Laura, Fay,Marianne, Hallegatte,Stephane, Narloch,Ulf Gerrit, Rozenberg,Julie, Vogt-Schilb,Adrien Camille

  • Document Date

    2014/11/01

  • Document Type

    Policy Research Working Paper

  • Report Number

    WPS7126

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    World,

  • Region

    The World Region,

  • Disclosure Date

    2014/11/01

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Climate change and poverty -- an analytical framework

  • Keywords

    impact of climate change;Climate Change and Poverty;increase in energy price;increase in land price;dropping out of school;energy efficient light bulbs;access to basic service;effect of climate change;millennium development goal;impact on poverty reduction;framework of risk management;poverty and climate change;access to public good;magnitude of climate change;poor household;climate policy;poverty trap;natural disaster;social capital;climate change impact;Social Protection;allocation of asset;level of wealth;social and environmental;eradication of poverty;share of income;Social Safety Nets;loss of asset;food price;net food consumer;domestic market price;emissions from deforestation;income on food;elimination of poverty;lack of infrastructure;climate mitigation policies;adaptation to change;availability of water;sea level rise;social protection interventions;numbers of livestock;price of transport;primary health care;increase in volatility;income generating opportunity;climate change vulnerability;access to infrastructure;income of household;types of capital;change in prices;barriers to trade;Access to Energy;access to information;fossil fuel subsidy;cost of energy;flow of people;safety net system;informal safety net;social protection policy;social protection scheme;Universal Health Care;informal land market;poverty reduction effort;return on asset;world food programme;energy efficiency equipment;compact fluorescent lamp;income due;Housing and Land;public transport improvement;provision of infrastructure;categories of investments;cost of asset;extreme weather event;impact of weather;types of asset;escape poverty;asset loss;productive asset;labor productivity;asset base;Public Goods;energy subsidies;asset accumulation;natural asset;environmental condition;flood zoning;mitigation policy;poverty dynamic;financial inclusion;adaptive capacity;temporary shock;weather shock;negative shock;household consumption;household fall;natural capital;risk taking;investment choice;poverty alleviation;capital accumulation;asset category;poverty impact;manufacturing equipment;food share;low-income household;carbon tax;household survey;physical asset;asset return;high vulnerability;Natural Resources;net impact;living condition;financial saving;monthly expenditure;important component;land use;household level;climate impact;household income;environmental change;rapid change;intergenerational transmission;coastal city;poverty outcome;asset use;Cash Transfer;vulnerable population;financial capital;social policies;green technology;utility function;low-risk activities;discount rate;opportunity set;income growth;weather extremes;natural risks;household saving;multiple equilibria;income quintile;household asset;financial asset;permanent shock;social policy;local production;productive capital;extreme temperature;carbon price;crop yield;hydro energy;vulnerable group;urban wage;productivity shock;medical expenditure;borrowing cost;wealth quintile;housing capital;gross flows;productivity loss;high ratio;change energy;adverse events;health consequence;extreme event;agricultural productivity;food production;health shock;quality of house;global shocks;long-term changes;institutional barrier;Fiscal policies;affected population;affected households;Durable goods;irreversible impacts;policy priority;managing risk;household data;social unrest;sewing machine;heavy rainfall;income support;flood damage;wage earner;housing area;financing instrument;heat wave;monthly income;asset portfolio;livestock loss;livestock mortality;household wealth;flood model;annual flooding;fertilization effect;cash constraint;diversified asset;increased trade;poverty increase;fiscal policy;Carbon sequestration;ecosystem service;rural-urban migration;dynamic impact;risk perception;income loss;market regulation;land availability;climate hazard;school fee;flood plain;vulnerability assessment;energy-efficient building;total volatility;fuel price;local shocks;open economy;price impact

Downloads

COMPLETE REPORT

Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.

Citation

Bangalore, Mook Bonzanigo,Laura Fay,Marianne Hallegatte,Stephane Narloch,Ulf Gerrit Rozenberg,Julie Vogt-Schilb,Adrien Camille

Climate change and poverty -- an analytical framework (English). Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 7126 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/275231468331203291/Climate-change-and-poverty-an-analytical-framework