Skip to Main Navigation

China - Forward with one spirit: a strategy for the transport sector (English)

Transport is playing a vital role in China's reorientation of its economy, from a planned and centralized system to one that is increasingly decentralized and market-based. The report analyzes the challenges and proposes a strategy that will help fulfill China's economic and social goals. If implemented, the strategy presented will bring about greater competition and enhanced modal integration, more resources for investment, higher-quality services, and greater user satisfaction. At the same time, it will help reduce regional income differentials, improve the sector's safety record, and mitigate transport's negative environmental impacts. The strategy focuses on establishing market and institutional structures that can stimulate competition and further integrate transport into the productive and social fabric of society. Chapter 2 provides proposals for increasing competition and efficiency; chapter 3 identifies the changing patterns of demand for transport; chapter 4 advances the analysis of investment needs of the sector; and chapter 5 their financing. Methods to deal with income inequalities and environmental problems related to the sector are addressed in chapter 6. An institutional structure more in tune with the future needs of the sector is proposed in chapter 7.


  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Doc Name

    China - Forward with one spirit: a strategy for the transport sector

  • Keywords

    freight transport demand;revenue from user charges;source of investment finance;Environmental and Social Impact;new york stock exchange;large number of operator;socialist market economy;multimodal transport;negative environmental impact;social and environmental;development of competition;finance for investment;access to job;regional income inequality;reducing income disparities;rural transportation infrastructure;inland waterway transport;air transport services;price of transport;rail freight tariff;impact of transport;railway transport;financing transport;foreign direct investment;safety of transport;weights and measure;demand for good;local bond market;vehicle emission standard;lack of knowledge;lack of competition;net social benefit;rail passenger traffic;air navigation facility;transport of coal;road freight transport;marginal cost pricing;effects of competition;highway infrastructure;maintenance of infrastructure;mode of transport;allocation of resource;demand for transport;access to capital;misallocation of resources;export credit agencies;increase in capacity;bureaucrats in business;cost of service;private finance;railway infrastructure;transport operator;national economy;planned economy;urban transport;genuine competition;private investment;private fund;institutional framework;transport network;Social Welfare;competitive condition;modal integration;freight forwarder;Transport Systems;operational efficiency;policy priority;private funding;competitive environment;private operator;monopoly power;negative effect;subsistence economy;inadequate service;legal framework;foreign operators;tariff restriction;social fabric;coastal provinces;rural community;domestic air;social cost;tariff revenue;world market;massive investment;road development;passenger travel;private enterprise;transport mode;national policy;investment need;road transport;poverty alleviation;public transportation mode;social progress;price discrimination;capacity constraint;transport operation;infrastructure charge;transport contract;production cost;railway operation;asset utilization;monopoly pricing;transport decision;innovative services;passenger demand;personal travel;air travel;rail tariff;regulatory change;rail transport;railway service;high transport;increasing competitiveness;investment proposal;conceptual framework;regional operation;long-term investment;strategic allocation;unprofitable activity;car travel;bus transport;quality requirement;bus modal;transport market;rail share;transparent process;introducing competition;negative prices;primary sector;state support;transport function;railway sector;personal income;commercial basis;regional railway;asset base;private source;air fare;rail fare;financial problem;fuel surcharge;freight railway;bus operator;project finance;highway network;logistics cost;private vehicle;regulatory protection;controlled price;economic statistic;regional network;infrastructure capacity;control infrastructure;transport planning;social function;transfer resource;financial benefit;road investment;income equalization;road bridge;Infrastructure Finance;remote area;modal service;international trading;financial source;export product;alternative transport;debt issue;construction period;Positive Action;short-term debt;banking system;export industry;foreign debt;local debt;privileged position;commercial risk;state share;financial return;international lender;international competitiveness;foster competition;financially independent;transport investment;additional revenue;rolling stock;manufacturing sector;management method;multilateral fund;modal freight;private transport;road maintenance;national integration;desert area;state apparatus;equitable basis;rural production;commercial loan;market environment;coherent policy;foreign company;transport activity;competition policy;policy proposal;accident rate;regulatory issue;railway investment;fuel price;state council;vehicle utilization;financing need;rural income;modal policy



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.


China - Forward with one spirit: a strategy for the transport sector (English). World Development Sources, WDS 1998-2 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.