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Beyond Unicorns : Harnessing Digital Technologies for Inclusion in Indonesia (Vol. 2) : Overview (Bahasa (Indonesian))

Similar to many other countries around the world, the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic has hit Indonesia hard. Latest estimates suggest that about 5.1 million people—equivalent to 2.4 percent of the working-age population—have lost their jobs, while an additional 24 million have had to work reduced hours due to the pandemic. As many as 50 percent of workers have experienced a reduction in earnings. The impact on living standards has been devastating, with more than 2.2 million Indonesians estimated to have been pushed into COVID-19-induced poverty in 2020. One unexpected silver lining from the crisis, however, has been the turbo-charged adoption of digital technologies. Businesses, both large and small, have flocked to digital technologies to try to ensure the continuity of their operations. School closures have forced students and teachers to adapt and explore digitally enabled remote learning options, including the adoption of a variety of EdTech solutions. HealthTech apps enabling remote consultations and the delivery of medicine have seen unprecedented growth in adoption rates. Confined at home due to mobility restrictions, Indonesians have switched to the internet for their entertainment and social needs, driving sharp growth in the usage of digital media (music and video streaming) and communications applications. With this pandemic-induced flight to digital expected to be permanent to a large extent, there is excitement about an even greater acceleration in what was already the fastest growing digital economy in Southeast Asia. But at the same time questions have also emerged about the possibility of the differential access to and adoption of digital technologies compounding existing inequalities. For a country that considers achieving balanced development one of its key priorities, this is an important new challenge.

Details

  • Author

    Tiwari,Sailesh, Ali,Rabia, Ariadharma,Erwin, Arsana,I Gede Putra, Bennis,Lamiaa, Beschorner,Natasha, Marskell,Jonathan Daniel, Purnamasari,Ririn Salwa, Ralston,Laura R., Al Rikabi,Jaffar, Sari,Virgi Agita, Setiawan,Imam, Suharnoko,Bambang, Suleiman,Muhammad Ajisatria, Wihardja,Maria Monica, Wibisana,Putu Sanjiwacika

  • Document Date

    2021/07/28

  • Document Type

    Report

  • Report Number

    162061

  • Volume No

    2

  • Total Volume(s)

    2

  • Country

    Indonesia,

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2021/07/28

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Overview

  • Keywords

    Poverty and Equity; digital technology; Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise; information and communication technology; Technical and Vocational Education; access to the internet; digital economy; digital id; Massive Open Online Course; conditional cash transfer program; growth, finance & institutions; value-added tax; public switched telephone network; Information and Data Management; terms of poverty reduction; adult population; Broadband; delivery of service; internet connectivity; broadband penetration; national logistic; subscriber identification module; rural access network; per capita expenditure; burden of disease; personal income tax; logistics service provider; million people; internet of things; public service delivery; place of work; add on; social assistance program; owners of capital; nature of information; redistribution of rents; private sector service; per capita consumption; household and individual; international good practice; portfolio of services; implementation of policies; education and gender; last mile connectivity; internet access point; education and culture; lack of competition; access to internet; online transaction; Labor Market; digital dividend; digital skills; living standard; infrastructure sharing; draft law; digital service; Social Protection; digital transformation; school closure; social life; social media; silver lining; data privacy; data system; digital government; informal worker; digital media; video streaming; tax policy; financial service; binding constraint; digital medium; medical facility; economic recovery; learning option; financial inclusion; consumer welfare; food delivery; balanced development; mobility service; consumer trust; consumer good; average price; independent oversight; accelerated adoption; behavioral change; age population; broadband provider; working-age population; public health; domestic measures; large portfolio; medical consultation; social need; management policy; tax base; Tax Administration; vocational student; digital innovation; government experiment; young adult; soft skills; broadband service; installation fee; best practice; digital connectivity; modular approach; Payments for Services; Online Learning; tertiary institution; lifelong learning; value chain; analog television; digital television; digital future; Cyber Security; satellite tv; business environment; operational risk; government service; payment scheme; registration process; online purchase; restrictive trade; post service; effective leadership; help child; long-term investor; income gap; satellite broadcasting; income diversification; entry threshold; reform education; e-commerce penetration; essential services; complementary input; Continuous Learning; hand sanitizer; low-skilled worker; rural area; wage work; consumer protection; artificial intelligence; public official; mobile device; government strategy; digital identification; digital channel; physical presence; household survey; price discrimination; future learning; public dialogue; Social Welfare; active intervention; preventive behaviors; lower costs; broadband infrastructure; demographic group; fiscal measure; efficiency gain; social registries; intended beneficiary; industrial revolution; consumer behavior; mobile money; price dispersion; investment growth; bank payment; social security; personal data; in poverty; administrative support; remedial measure; mobile service; learning strategy; other inequality; market power; social dimension; learning skill; digital exclusion; retail market; reducing inequality; new technology; survey data; poor household; consumer goods; national population; state administration; broadband data; policy priority; mobile telecommunication; income class; network infrastructure; sanitation practice; electronic identity; poor hygiene; network coverage; student support; Health Service; branchless banking; enforcement regime; ITS Services; take stock; mobile network; base station

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Citation

Tiwari,Sailesh Ali,Rabia Ariadharma,Erwin Arsana,I Gede Putra Bennis,Lamiaa Beschorner,Natasha Marskell,Jonathan Daniel Purnamasari,Ririn Salwa Ralston,Laura R. Al Rikabi,Jaffar Sari,Virgi Agita Setiawan,Imam Suharnoko,Bambang Suleiman,Muhammad Ajisatria Wihardja,Maria Monica Wibisana,Putu Sanjiwacika

Beyond Unicorns : Harnessing Digital Technologies for Inclusion in Indonesia (Vol. 2) : Overview (Bahasa (Indonesian)). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/297791627303331671/Overview