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Capturing the benefits of genetically modified organisms for the poor (English)

Transgenics, or genetically modified organisms (GMOs), are the result of transferring one or more genes, usually from a wild species or a bacterium, to a crop plant. Although transgenics have been widely adopted to date only in commercial agriculture, they have considerable potential for improving the productivity of smallholder farming systems and for providing more nutritious foods to poor consumers in developing countries. However, the environmental, food safety, and social risks of transgenics are controversial. Transparent and cost-effective regulatory systems that inspire public confidence are needed to evaluate risks and benefits case by case.


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    Capturing the benefits of genetically modified organisms for the poor

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    farmer;food crop;scientific evidence;regulatory system;food safety;large private companies;smallholder farming system;food safety risk;intellectual property rights;genetically modified organism;public research;rural area;regulatory capacity;risk perception;public confidence;Agriculture;global market;cotton variety;seed company;regulatory standard;commercial cultivation;environmental harm;gene flow;wild relative;exporting country;field testing;poor farming;public perception;risk benefits;risk assessment;Public Spending;food staple;disease resistance;health benefit;herbicide tolerance;commercial interests;commercial agriculture;crop plant;crop area;wild species;nutritious food;policy priority;insect resistance;crop use;commercial farming;safe access;biotechnology firms;yield increase;cotton use;animal disease;private research;pesticide application;parasitic weed;breeding program;broad assessment;risk tolerance;flood tolerance;food aid;agricultural sector;regulatory barrier;Rural Poor;international service;urbanized countries;overseas markets;multinational company;multinational companies;stringent standards;regulatory body;proprietary technology;health effect;Regulatory Bodies;public distrust;consultative process;information requirement;



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Capturing the benefits of genetically modified organisms for the poor (English). Agriculture for Development policy brief Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.