Skip to Main Navigation

Colombia - First peace programmatic : demobilization and reinsertion of ex-combatants in Colombia (English)

This report presents the results of the study on the demobilization and reinsertion of excombatants from illegal armed groups in Colombia. The report describes and analyzes the Colombian case, compares it with international experience, discusses critical issues of the current program, and presents options to improve its design and implementation. The study responds to a request by the Colombian government to conduct an assessment of the previous and current approaches to demobilization and reinsertion in Colombia and, in light of national and international experience, to present options to improve the program. This study relied principally on secondary data and information from existing studies, essays, and press articles produced by government agencies, nongovernmental organizations, United Nations and bilateral agencies, specialized analysts, and media. The analysis also used primary information collected for the study, including: (1) information from interviews with government and non-government sources about the current condition of individuals demobilized during the 1990s; (2) the profiles of a sample of young excombatants (18-26 years old) enrolled in the current reinsertion program in Medellin and Bogota; (3) the assessment of the demobilization and reinsertion experience of the 1990s as viewed by leaders of existing foundations from four of the demobilized groups; and (4) a special work session held with 50 representatives from diverse private-sector associations and businesses. This study assesses Colombia's experience using a framework of five interwoven phases from armed conflict to peace: prevention, demobilization, reinsertion, reintegration, and reconciliation. This framework together with accumulated national and international best practices in technical aspects of the operations of disarmament, demobilization, and reinsertion (DDR) programs are used in the analysis of the current Program of Demobilization and Reinsertion (PDR).


  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Social Analysis

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region

    Latin America & Caribbean,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Colombia - First peace programmatic : demobilization and reinsertion of ex-combatants in Colombia

  • Keywords

    illegal arm;Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar;civilian life;participation in decision making;legislative branch of government;international organization for migration;Public and Private Institution;law;Armed Conflict;armed groups;institutional framework;legal framework;people with disability;political crime;international good practice;place of origin;demobilization and reintegration;access to land;private sector risk;international criminal court;crimes against humanity;international humanitarian law;individuals with disability;international legal framework;lack of resource;social security benefit;trust between citizens;access to justice;preparation for work;participation of stakeholder;international cooperation agency;guerrilla groups;security policy;peace process;peace agreement;drug traffic;public support;human rights;ongoing conflicts;non-governmental organization;conservative parties;



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.


Colombia - First peace programmatic : demobilization and reinsertion of ex-combatants in Colombia (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.