Malawi's agricultural sector is performing far below its potential, primarily due to deficient policies, inadequate institutional arrangements and capacities and inefficient investments. Although its performance and prospects improved significantly over the past six years as a result of the increased use of hybrid maize and expanded smallholder access to cash crops, only a small part of the population has benefitted, and unfavorable weather patterns in recent years have suppressed the potential benefits. Thus, to increase the productivity of the land and labor and expand employment and income-earning opportunities in an environmentally and economically sustainable manner, the country needs a multidimensional strategy that would use existing resources and technologies more efficiently and tap new sources of growth in a way that will also reduce poverty. The latter will require investments in physical infrastructure and human resources, which, if not developed, will constrain growth and thwart attempts to reduce poverty. To raise productivity and reduce poverty, this report focuses on six key actions necessary for growth. These include: (a) further liberalizing produce pricing and marketing policies; (b) expanding the supply of, and effective demand for, available improved seeds and fertilizers; (c) generating and disseminating a more suitable menu of improved technologies; (d) promoting the cultivation of underutilized land and improved access to land and natural resource management and conservation; (e) accelerating private sector-led diversification away from maize and tobacco; and (f) developing human resources by improving access to education, health services and population planning.
Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report
hybrid maize;high rate of population growth;management of public service;data collection and analysis;access to formal credit;income from cash crop;Soil and Water Conservation;access to financial service;functional distribution;efficient use of resource;alternative sources of energy;gdp growth rate;Natural Resource Management;population growth rate;high opportunity cost;access to land;primarily due;amount of land;declining soil fertility;hybrid maize seed;average real income;profit and loss;cross country comparison;rapid population growth;terms of trade;human resource indicators;population by region;availability of credit;crop production estimate;Access to Education;cost of import;sustainable financial service;drought resistant crops;human resource base;income due;low cost technology;increase in income;emergency drought recovery;lack of credit;access to fertilizer;return to investment;source of employment;access to finance;living in poverty;government pricing policy;maize producer price;public sector deficit;shortage of capital;cash crop production;source of income;source income;price of fertilizer;human resource development;customary land tenure;long term growth;land use pattern;agricultural land use;high population density;production of maize;production of tobacco;empowerment of woman;food security objective;food crop;maize production;supply response;quota system;rural population;agricultural growth;maize hybrid;hybrid seed;credit system;maize yield;extension service;employment opportunity;leasehold tenure;employment opportunities;agricultural market;crop season;liberalization process;agricultural sector;maize price;cultivable land;world market;marketing restrictions;seed supply;export crop;fertilizer subsidies;land market;land rent;donor agencies;macroeconomic environment;agricultural income;food production;agricultural produce;quota allocations;smallholder access;market information;tobacco production;effective demand;produce market;land utilization;tobacco quota;forest reserve;fertile land;allocation system;recovery rate;fertilizer price;budget share;labor productivity;crop mix;competitive market;maize technology;inorganic fertilizer;producer incentive;credit discipline;estate sector;incremental income;private trader;caloric requirement;agricultural potential;smallholder production;income effect;poverty alleviation;improved seed;agricultural strategy;comparative advantage;increased supply;environmental sustainability;Cash Income;investment program;maize harvest;market intervention;customary tenure;broad participation;agricultural product;fuelwood price;quantitative analysis;capital constraint;unused land;pervasive poverty;climatic factor;environmental consideration;leasehold system;negotiated agreement;community forestry;input supply;Agricultural Technology;farm size;targeted program;cropping pattern;tobacco exports;social indicator;macroeconomic reform;human capacity;wage laborer;fruit tree;commercial bank;increasing share;external market;poverty strategy;private market;adequate supply;efficient market;negative effect;net result;budgetary constraint;hybrid variety;market choice;fiscal budget;dualistic structure;price band;drought year;negative growth;world price;market restriction;foreign exchange;consumer price;agricultural economy;agricultural marketing;export ban;beneficial impact;market price;social effect;efficient production;important change;tobacco market;import parity;maize surplus;future labor;poor household;fertilizer market;export earnings;increased income;driving force;export tax;tobacco sales;land-use rights;complete liberalization;productivity increase;external trade;maize deficit;smallholder farming;Market Risk;national production;regional market;maize productivity;horticulture export;poverty profile;el nino;supply constraint;farmers uses;food supply;scarce land;coping strategy;farmyard manure;technological innovation;land quality;land issue;climatic condition;ida mission;technology option
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Agriculture, Fishing and Forestry
Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)
Malawi - Agricultural sector memorandum : strategy options in the 1990s : Overview (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/305971468752971338/Overview