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Understanding Market-Based Solutions and Access to Finance Options for Clean-Cooking Technologies in Bangladesh (English)

The Clean Cooking Alliance (CCA) has been active in Bangladesh since 2012. In 2013, they convened stakeholder consultations to develop and launch the Bangladesh Country Action Plan for Clean Cookstoves (CAP) led by the Power Division of the government’s Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources. In May 2018, the government held a CAP review workshop to ensure the realignment of CAP 2013 with the new changes and developments in Bangladesh. As a result, a renewed CAP, the National Action Plan for Clean Cooking (2020–2030) was launched with the goal of achieving hundred percent clean-cooking adoption throughout Bangladesh by 2030. This assessment brings together learning from recent studies and experiences and expects to help CCA and the World Bank look at prospective strategies with a focus of access to finance and incentive options for scaling up clean cooking in Bangladesh. In chapters 1 and 2, the report first reviews the current state of the clean-cooking market in Bangladesh, covering a variety of fuels and technologies based on the significance of market penetration in Bangladeshi households, including natural gas, LPG and Improved Cookstoves (ICSs). Other solutions discussed in the report include electric/induction stoves, solar cookers, and biogas. Chapter 3 discusses the stakeholders who played important roles in moving the 2013 Country Action Plan forward, the consumer segmentation, and the prevailing culture of stove stacking within the segments. The subsequent chapters (chapters 4–6) then explore strategies and business models in which ICSs can be distributed across the country following a market-based approach through Infrastructure Development Company Limited (IDCOL’s) ICS program, with a focused discussion on access to finance and community engagement. Finally, chapter 7 puts forward specific recommendations to address ways in which the IDCOL ICS program can be improved and optimized.


  • Author

    Bhattacharjee,Tanuja, Bairiganjan,Sreyamsa

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    ESMAP Paper

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    South Asia,

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  • Doc Name

    Understanding Market-Based Solutions and Access to Finance Options for Clean-Cooking Technologies in Bangladesh

  • Keywords

    access to finance; Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; market development initiative; convention on climate change; capacity-building support; Bottom of the Pyramid; natural gas production; household consumption; billion people; average monthly income; biogas; electric stove; exposure to smoke; use of biomass; biogas digester; import permit; low birth weight; acute health impacts; Access to Electricity; Solar Home System; social marketing campaign; maintenance and repair; natural gas usage; source of fuel; supply of gas; clean energy source; natural gas processing; large private companies; liquefied natural gas; Sustainable Economic Development; low cost fuels; household energy use; loan guarantee scheme; lack of finance; cost of electricity; energy development authority; adverse climate change; greenhouse gas emission; analytical and advisory; recent studies; traditional stove; thermal efficiency; solid fuel; community engagement; cooking time; household income; rural population; business model; development partner; supply chain; young child; selling price; carbon dioxide; total consumption; biogas plant; environmental problem; Natural Resources; fuel cost; market segment; electricity production; open fire; cook stove; urban household; financing mechanism; premature death; electricity access; household use; fuel market; intervention strategy; field visits; cooking fuel; literature review; gas consumption; production cost; electricity coverage; market potential; consumer financing; network expansion; average price; pricing strategy; ash residue; energy crop; consumer data; marketing interventions; awareness building; radio program; consumer feedback; microfinance loan; cooking practice; educational program; sustainable energy; fuel saving; Boosting Growth; awareness campaign; microfinance institution; market segmentation; biogas production; rural consumer; installment payment; transaction cost; fuel product; financing option; production capacity; liquidity crisis; effective marketing; working capital; advance payment; cash payment; cash market; private company; biogas technology; baseline survey; largest markets; long-term sustainability; health benefit; supply side; traditional clay; electric cooking; working population; graphic design; retail price; import increase; Oil Refining; heating method; electric heating; flammable gas; induction heating; necessary infrastructure; biomass fuel; market needs; field study; mud stoves; carbon monoxide; program monitoring; verification process; wood chip; sunk cost; average sales; portable stove; extreme poverty; penetration rate; market information; market growth; middle class; child death; organic material; processing residues; information gap; assessment approach; ghg emissions; energy component; research tool; household cooking; treatment sludge; distribution datum; market penetration; technology base; electricity usage; income threshold; market size; urban cities; power outage; rural area; long hour; gas connection; power production; electric grid; chicken manure; remote area; urban dweller; behavioural change; village education; government effort; health alliance; fuel option; anaerobic digestion; black carbon; donor agencies; animal life; technical feasibility; affordable financing; market strategy; production facility; behaviour change; technological progress; summary data; energy transition; thermal program; energy ladder; Energy Sector; rural community; stakeholder consultation; green energy; clean gas; consumer characteristic; infrastructure sector; primary fuel; production support; chronic illness; expert opinion; lung cancer; engineering design; Cardiovascular Disease; joint funding; traditional mud; development pathway; consumer demand; crop residue; installment loan; global network; government stakeholders; production center; total tax; environmental degradation; sub-district level; animal material



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Bhattacharjee,Tanuja Bairiganjan,Sreyamsa

Understanding Market-Based Solutions and Access to Finance Options for Clean-Cooking Technologies in Bangladesh (English). Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.