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Compendium of International and National Legal Frameworks on Female Genital Mutilation (English)

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) is a development issue and a form of violence against women and girls that affects at least 200 million women in the world FGM/C is a harmful practice proven to impact the physical and mental health of affected women and girls from the moment of the cutting, with prolonged and irreversible consequences during their entire lives. Studies show that FGM/C has economic and social consequences and a high obstetric cost although a comprehensive study on the exact extent of these economic, health and social costs is still to be carried out. Beyond the data and the statistics, researcher have shown that FGM/C deprives women of sexual satisfaction, sexual health and psychophysical wellbeing. The Compendium of International and National Legal Frameworks on Female Genital Mutilation (the "Compendium") was prepared to contribute to this urgent and important development debate with the understanding that the knowledge of the law is an important empowerment tool to end FGM/C. It provides a survey of the key international and regional instruments as well as domestic legislation as they relate to the prohibition of FGM/C.


  • Author

    Vinois,Annabelle Michele Adrien, Mwenda,Edith Ruguru, Calimoutou,Emelyne, Daverio,Francesca Chiara N. D, Micali Drossos,Isabella, Santagostino Recavarren,Isabelita Micaela, Bogado,Luiza Lacerda, Goldstein-Bolocan,Maya, Reddi, Pooshpa (Sheela), Melis,Wendy Johanna

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    Working Paper

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    The World Region,

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    Compendium of International and National Legal Frameworks on Female Genital Mutilation

  • Keywords

    declaration on the elimination of violence against woman; covenant civil & political right; form of violence against woman; form of discrimination against woman; female genital mutilation; basis of equality with man; eradication of violence against woman; fourth world conference on women; access to health care service; equal access to health care; european convention on human rights; harmful practice; civil and political right; international human rights law; eighteen years of age; united nations population fund; effective enforcement of laws; united nations general assembly; Democratic Republic of Congo; human rights of woman; mental integrity of woman; abolition of capital punishment; equal basis with man; country of origin; female circumcision; sentences of death; security of person; forms of gender; harmful traditional practices; right of women; general international law; basis of sex; Sexually Transmitted Disease; act of violence; deprivation of life; equality of man; act of discrimination; protection of woman; reproductive health education; Emergency Medical Services; competent national tribunals; mental health problem; awareness raising campaign; revision of textbook; discrimination in violation; women's right; act of torture; victims of violence; human rights convention; grounds of gender; enjoyment by woman; deprivation of liberty; acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; skilled birth attendants; culture and tradition; health of woman; international legal framework; responsibility of men; risk of violence; Human Immunodeficiency Virus; capacity of community; forms of education; elimination of prejudice; types of education; risk of death; control of woman; advancement of woman; access to justice; public health care; purpose of grant; national health policies; protection against discrimination; adequate health care; management of pregnancy; traditional birth attendant; post-traumatic stress disorder; female genital cutting; crime of genocide; basic human right; degrading treatment; asylum seeker



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Vinois,Annabelle Michele Adrien Mwenda,Edith Ruguru Calimoutou,Emelyne Daverio,Francesca Chiara N. D Micali Drossos,Isabella Santagostino Recavarren,Isabelita Micaela Bogado,Luiza Lacerda Goldstein-Bolocan,Maya Reddi, Pooshpa (Sheela) Melis,Wendy Johanna

Compendium of International and National Legal Frameworks on Female Genital Mutilation (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.