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Argentina ID Case Study: The Evolution of Identification (English)

As the birth place of fingerprint identification and one of the first countries in Latin America to establish a civil registry (CR), Argentina has a long history of identification. Until 2009, however, its civil registration and national ID systems suffered from a number of issues, including noninteroperable civil registries, between provinces, lack of integration between CR and ID systems, and slow and inefficient paper-based processes. Since 2009, however, Argentina has made great efforts to steadily enroll more than 45 million residents to establish a robust national digital ID system. Birth registration is now universal and 98 percent of the population is in possession of a national ID card, including more than two million migrants. The national ID agency, RENAPER (Registro Nacional de las Personas), responded to more than 230 million queries in 2018 from the public and private sector creating the foundation for a digital economy. Since 2009, in the context of a federal country with autonomous provinces working together with the federal government, with the support of the Ministry of Modernization, have implemented a series of innovative initiatives to create a digital one - stop shop called Mi Argentina, such as digital birth and death registration, verifying "proof of life" of pension beneficiaries remotely, and offering verification services to public and private institutions. This was achieved through political commitment at the federal and local levels sustained over 10 years, public investment and legislative reforms on civil registration, identification, and data protection, and personal data privacy.

Details

  • Author

    Najles,Julian

  • Document Date

    2020/02/01

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    146411

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Argentina,

  • Region

    Latin America & Caribbean,

  • Disclosure Date

    2020/02/24

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Argentina ID Case Study: The Evolution of Identification

  • Keywords

    law; digital id; Public and Private Institution; civil registration; short period of time; legal and regulatory framework; ID Systems; Identification for Development; identity authentication; mobile id; Data Protection; birth certificate; personal data; theft of information; privileges and immunity; death certificate; death registration; authentication service; federal level; proof of residence; public sector entity; types of service; labor union membership; application programming interface; lack of linkage; public health facility; universal birth registration; right to vote; better service delivery; lack of integration; cost of production; million people; living in poverty; private security company; access to health; delivery of good; access to information; public sector saving; exchanges of experience; digital economy; biometric information; legal framework; live birth; Social Protection; federal government; identity fraud; remote area; sensitive data; identification system; legal reform; political commitment; digital signature; family tree; pension beneficiary; public servant; enabling legislation; personal information; registration process; reform process; digital identification; privacy framework; bar code; security measure; federal country; effective strategy; vaccination certificate; vehicle insurance; public outreach

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Citation

Najles,Julian

Argentina ID Case Study: The Evolution of Identification (English). Identification for Development Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/318351582559995027/Argentina-ID-Case-Study-The-Evolution-of-Identification