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The Effects of Smallholder Agricultural Involvement on Household Food Consumption and Dietary Diversity : Evidence from Malawi (English)

The authors investigate how household agricultural involvement affects food consumption and dietary diversity in Malawi. Ceteris paribus, a ten percent increase in onfarm income share increases food consumption per capita by 2.9 percent, calorie intake per person per day by 1.7 percent, and leads to small improvements in dietary diversity. There are significant differences in the relationship between on-farm income shares and caloric shares as follows: a positive and significant relationship with the shares from energy dense/low protein cereals/grains, but not significant with shares from nuts/pulses and sugars. Negative relationships are found with shares from roots/tubers, vegetables/fruits, oils/fats, and meat/fish/milk. While food consumption and dietary diversity increase with agricultural involvement, the quality of diets is an issue. As purchased calories are associated with richer/high quality diets, particularly protein rich, households with lower dependency on agriculture meet those diets more easily, highlighting the importance of crop and income diversification to dietary diversity. Nutrition education and crop diversification programs can improve food security and nutritional outcomes.

Details

  • Author

    Benfica,Rui M. S., Kilic,Talip

  • Document Date

    2015/12/31

  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number

    147816

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Malawi,

  • Region

    Africa,

  • Disclosure Date

    2020/04/21

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    The Effects of Smallholder Agricultural Involvement on Household Food Consumption and Dietary Diversity : Evidence from Malawi

  • Keywords

    dietary diversity; consumption; descriptive statistic; development research group; food consumption per capita; calorie consumption; nutritional outcome; female-headed household; Food Security and Nutrition; Below the Poverty Line; per capita calorie consumption; household food consumption; Agriculture; vegetable and fruit; fruit and vegetable; oils and fat; crop and livestock; per household; household income; explanatory variable; household level consumption; poor rural household; level of consumption; quality of diet; annual food consumption; expenditure per capita; health and nutrition; geographical information system; income diversification; instrumental variable; caloric intake; integrated household survey; food consumption level; living standard measurement; household food production; implications for policy; world food programme; use of service; household level data; food and nutrition; crop diversification program; several other factors; gross domestic product; millennium development goal; farm income share; household income diversification; household and individual; source income; source of income; measure of use; dependence on agriculture; share of income; not statistically significant; caloric share; agricultural household

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Citation

Benfica,Rui M. S. Kilic,Talip

The Effects of Smallholder Agricultural Involvement on Household Food Consumption and Dietary Diversity : Evidence from Malawi (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/319101587470041685/The-Effects-of-Smallholder-Agricultural-Involvement-on-Household-Food-Consumption-and-Dietary-Diversity-Evidence-from-Malawi