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The social impact of the crisis in Indonesia : results from a nationwide Kecamatan survey (English)

This paper is based on a qualitative survey of three expert respondents in every "kecamatan" (sub-district) in Indonesia, designed to obtain quick information on the overall impacts of the Indonesian crisis. Questions cover the degree of different types of impacts, - i.e., migration, access to health and education, food availability - the frequency, and strategies used in coping with the need to sell assets, or reduce meals, and, the most severe impacts in each area, with indices measuring the crisis impact along five dimensions. The report findings identify, first, that urban areas have been harder hit by the crisis than rural areas. Second, the impact of the crisis is heterogeneous, with some regions experiencing great difficulties, while others withstood relatively well. It shows that, while Java was hit hard, other islands, particularly Sumatra, Sulawesi, and Maluku, experienced relatively minimal negative crisis impact, and, it is unclear whether problems in other areas, are negative because of economic crisis-related problems, or as a result of drought and fires. Third, little connection is there between initial poverty levels, and the extent to which the crisis induced poverty, implying that crisis impact targeting, and poverty program targeting, are two quite different exercises. Although further validation of the results surveyed is required, surveys of this kind can be effective instruments for crisis responsiveness.

Details

  • Author

    Sumarto, Sudarno Wetterberg, Anna Pritchett, Lant

  • Document Date

    1999/07/31

  • Document Type

    Departmental Working Paper

  • Report Number

    21249

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Indonesia,

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2010/07/01

  • Doc Name

    The social impact of the crisis in Indonesia : results from a nationwide Kecamatan survey

  • Keywords

    rural area;dropping out of school;economic and social policy;analysis of survey results;real per capita expenditure;agricultural extension worker;price of rice;loss of income;junior secondary level;access to health;Surveys and Methods;response to crisis;principal component analysis;primary school drop;incidence of poverty;standard of living;high poverty rate;vulnerable social group;human development gains;food security crisis;Rule of Law;analysis of variance;secondary school student;number of girls;nurses and midwives;increase in prices;availability of contraceptives;primary school enrollment;rural south;number of women;absolute living standard;work long hour;food security problem;shock to income;increases in output;coping strategy;staple food;Health Service;food intake;school supervisor;agricultural wage;health index;response effort;long-term poverty;absolute poverty;economic crisis;primary level;food availability;individual variable;dropout rate;quality food;quantitative survey;output price;nominal income;employment impact;social impact;household expenditure;education index;food price;urban dweller;financial crisis;school year;community activity;Labor Market;Teacher Attendance;basic food;spatial distribution;temporary shock;bottom quintile;poverty distribution;welfare level;empirical evidence;rural location;shaded areas;farm profitability;employment term;farm profits;statistical comparison;patient visits;individual response;individual question;opportunity cost;modern economy;index base;rural family;export crop;urban family;foreign exchange;measuring change;crop failure;currency depreciation;food shortage;sweet potato;rice price;index number;Coping Mechanisms;basic foodstuff;regional pattern;return migration;household good;agricultural production;data bases;village survey;farm technology;workfare program;small fraction;food production;relative shift;poverty program;political crisis;business condition;expenditure survey;parental contribution;crisis responses;health officer;proportional change;seasonal changes;survey design;corporate sector;linear combination;medium-term planning;index construction;good governance;empirical work;crisis situation;differentiated impact;qualitative approach;enrollment rate;young child;modern sector;old children;poverty datum;emergency program;standard deviation;absolute sense;urban crisis;acceptable degree;qualitative instrument;drastic measures;natural conditions;rural parts;survey distribution;universal coverage;qualitative assessment;consumer durable;school official;factor loading;natural environment;median income;price change;quantitative data;female residents;real wage;

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Citation

Sumarto, Sudarno Wetterberg, Anna Pritchett, Lant

The social impact of the crisis in Indonesia : results from a nationwide Kecamatan survey (English). East Asia Environment and Social Development Unit (EASES) discussion paper series Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/321381468772159928/The-social-impact-of-the-crisis-in-Indonesia-results-from-a-nationwide-Kecamatan-survey