Skip to Main Navigation

Income distribution, basic needs, and trade-offs with growth : the case of semi-industrialized Latin American countries (English)

This paper addresses income distribution issues and policy options to eliminate extreme poverty in a particular typology of middle-income semi-industrialized developing countries of Latin America. These countries are characterized by a high per capita income, a high degree of industrialization, large population and geographical area, and substantial agricultural resources. However, they also present strong inequality in the distribution of income and wealth relative to other countries of similar levels of per capita income. Policy intervention for poverty alleviation should include measures to increase the employment content of growth; provide investments that would increase the endowment of human and physical capital of the poor; and improve health status, life expectancy, and civic participation through the provision of basic services.


  • Author


  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Journal Article

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country

    Latin America,


    Central America,

  • Region

    Latin America & Caribbean,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Income distribution, basic needs, and trade-offs with growth : the case of semi-industrialized Latin American countries

  • Keywords

    per capita income;cost of labor;cost of labour;Operational Core Curriculum;political point of view;negative effect on output;price elasticity of demand;life expectancy at birth;poverty group;rural area;people in poverty;rural labour force;economies of scale;minimum wage law;social security legislation;increase in labor;social security system;high growth rate;gnp per capita;Rural Poor;small farmer;subsistence farmer;real wage;education and health;income distribution datum;gdp growth rate;share of income;sale of livestock;source of income;source income;labour market segmentation;income of household;ownership of land;per capita gnp;absolute poverty line;access to land;Poverty & Inequality;social and institutional;demand for school;return to education;provision of service;composition of output;water and sewerage;rates of return;cost of capital;consumption of good;adverse employment effect;share of labor;social security contribution;types of legislation;size of enterprise;demand for labor;social security finance;large farm;Basic Education;poverty alleviation;permanent worker;high-income group;wage increase;Higher Education;export sector;wage differential;urban sector;poor household;labour supply;land redistribution;empirical evidence;trade restriction;Tax Exemption;investment policy;Job Creation;employment growth;economic efficiency;farm size;industrial activity;industrial sector;investment resource;childrearing practice;aggregate income;curative service;welfare indicator;calorie availability;land reform;poor child;real income;income growth;extreme poverty;breast milk;high wage;excess supply;dependent population;temporary worker;money income;land access;implied rate;income transfer;Child care;Health Service;capital formation;high capital;medical field;low wage;age composition;income elasticity;regional distribution;geographical dispersion;domestic investor;food yield;resource cost;future productivity;income poverty;public policy;employment creation;tariff protection;Agrarian Reform;basic learning;low-income family;breastfeeding practices;nutrition education;Population Growth;school child;net return;high penalty;cultivable land;rural health;urban worker;health centre;health facility;public health;institutional channel;health post;reading ability;market imperfection;asset formation;infant nutrition;Infectious Disease;poor farming;farm output;rural population;productivity gain;small fraction;extension service;spatial distribution;production level;pasture land;simulation exercise;efficiency cost;base year;investment cost;irrigation scheme;health problem;net effect;cadastral survey;income gap;rural labor;Exchange Rates;agricultural census;Labor Union;aggregate resources;agricultural sector;urban economy;labor skills;factor substitution;consumer food;world price;small producer;real rate;population census;policy option;calorie requirement;wage earnings;occupational classification;income figure;large enterprise;price level;live birth;food import;household income;labour union;Infant Mortality;capital good;differential in poverty;efficiency loss;fiscal expediency;International Trade;domestic producer;yield investment;open unemployment;poverty status;civic participation;shadow price;total employment;unskilled labour;urban wage;agricultural output;goods market;unemployment insurance;employment increase;urban migration;relative income;labour demand;poverty decline;redistributive effect;young child;productive capacity;employment generation;food export;skilled labor;rural economy;urban poor;principal source;labour legislation;consumer price;Trade Policy;important policy;output growth;Trade Policies;price policy;fiscal burden;consumption subsidies;educational sector;enrolment rate;low-income child;private rate;ethnic group;physical asset;productivity differential;rear practice;decomposition analysis;net impact;earnings capacity;wage level;labour earning;financial cost;school breakfast;regional policy;modern sector;employment opportunities



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.



Income distribution, basic needs, and trade-offs with growth : the case of semi-industrialized Latin American countries (English). World Bank reprint series ; no. REP 176 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.