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Pollution reduction without formal regulation : evidence from Bangladesh (English)

This paper evaluates the significance of exogenous technical change and informal regulation in Bangladesh, which has had little formal environmental protection. The analysis draws on a survey of industrial facilities in two pollution-intensive sectors, fertilizer and wood pulp. Four of the five urea fertilizer plants in Bangladesh have been surveyed, along with a super-phosphate fertilizer plant and two large pulping facilities. All are public sector enterprises, managed by the Bangladesh Chemical Industries Corporation (BCIC). They have widely varying ages, and are evenly distributed between urban and rural settings in locations scattered throughout Bangladesh. Section 1 sets the stage for the analysis by describing Bangladesh's industrial pollution problem, its standing in public opinion, and the institutions which have significance for environmental policy. Section 2 examines the clean technology question, while Section 3 considers the pattern of community cleanup pressure and enterprise response. The final section provides a summary, conclusions, and an agenda for more comprehensive research.


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    Pollution reduction without formal regulation : evidence from Bangladesh

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Pollution reduction without formal regulation : evidence from Bangladesh (English). Environmental department divisional working papers ; no. 1993-39 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.