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India - Power sector reform and the poor (English)

Of all developing countries India has the largest number of poor, as measured by income, health, opportunities and access to basic needs. The national and state governments have carried out a number of initiatives affecting the poor. Of those initiatives, this report focuses on power sector reform efforts, carried out by some Indian states in the mid-1990s. It also aims to answer these questions: What are the main challenges that power reform faces in reducing poverty in India? What are the main obstacles and main opportunities? Are the large subsidies to the power sector reaching the poor? How are the poor affected by the present conditions of power supply and what changes will benefit them most?. In seeking answers to these questions, the report draws on relevant data and studies in India, as well as evidence from the literature and international experience with power sector reform. In view of an ongoing World Bank study on rural electrification that analyzes access issues, and the fact that tariff rebalancing is a major issue, this report focuses on the impact of electricity prices, quality of power supply, access issues, and subsidies to the poor.


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  • Document Type

    Pre-2003 Economic or Sector Report

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  • Region

    South Asia,

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  • Doc Name

    India - Power sector reform and the poor

  • Keywords

    power sector reform;transmission and distribution;quality of power supply;power sector subsidy;access to safe drinking water;population with access to electricity;percentage of households with electricity;average cost of supply;poor household;electricity connection;access to electricity use;average cost of power;Public and Private Institution;cost of service delivery;water supply and sanitation;high opportunity cost;quality of supply;rural area;indian states;poor rural household;informal payment;tariff increase;commercial sector;Electricity Sector Reform;Social Safety Nets;



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India - Power sector reform and the poor (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.