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Bangladesh - Investigating Nutrition-sensitive Wash : Nurturing the ‘Early Years’ of Life With Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene : Evidence and Policy Levers for Bangladesh (English)

Bangladesh made a number of laudable development achievements in the early millennium but can and should do more to improve human capital and the wellbeing of its population. Coupled with impressive achievements in poverty reduction and economic growth are meeting many of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)—such as reaching nearly universal access to primary education, gender parity in primary and secondary education, ensuring food security, lowering infant, child, and maternal mortality rates, improving immunization coverage, and increasing access to improved water sources. Nurturing a child’s early years can help nations boost human capital to become more diverse, competitive economies. Improving early childhood development requires multi-sectoral action. Advancements in early childhood development will not be possible without improvements in water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH). This report will discuss several analyses that demonstrate the importance of WASH in nurturing the early years. The report begins with an examination of progress in achieving human development outcomes, many of which are specifically used to measure early childhood development and human capital. The next section will present a poverty risk model used to measure differences in WASH-related disease burden among wealth groups and populations with and without access to basic water and sanitation services. The third section discusses WASH deprivations in community health centers that reduce quality of care, and the fourth section measures the unique environmental exposures from inadequate WASH faced by slum dwellers, an often neglected yet high-risk population for poor health and undernutrition. The proceeding four sections then present original econometric analyses linking various components of WASH to childhood stunting, early childhood skills, infant mortality, and school enrollment. The final section concludes and provides recommendations on how Bangladesh’s WASH sector can prioritize the early years in future investments.

Details

  • Author

    Haque,Sabrina Sharmin, Joseph,George

  • Document Date

    2019/04/01

  • Document Type

    Report

  • Report Number

    136375

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Bangladesh,

  • Region

    South Asia,

  • Disclosure Date

    2019/04/25

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Nurturing the ‘Early Years’ of Life With Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene : Evidence and Policy Levers for Bangladesh

  • Keywords

    Demographic and Health Survey; universal access to primary education; global burden of disease; Early Childhood Development; leading cause of death; human capital; access to drinking water; contamination of drinking water; maintenance of water supply; data collection and analysis; investment need; high rates of anemia; supply of drinking water; achievement in poverty reduction; Primary and Secondary Education; infant and child mortality; improved water source; health and nutrition; community health center; human development outcome; access to water; quality of care; scaling up nutrition; maternal mortality rate; world food programme; high risk area; relative risk; safe water handling; primary health care; lack of education; access to health-care; improvements in water; maternal mortality ratio; water treatment method; Health Care Waste; Oral rehydration therapies; gross national income; impact of water; vitamin a supplementation; gross domestic product; low-risk areas; public health benefits; drinking water source; incidence of poverty; red blood cell; height for age; poor health status; impact on health; growth and development; traditional household survey; female household member; remote sensing data; ensuring food security; primary school enrollment; secondary school enrollment; high risk factors; theory of change; improvements in health; investment in water; child health outcomes; role of water; exposure to arsenic; water and soap; women during pregnancy; health care facility; reduction in poverty; drinking water infrastructure; waste management practice; Research and Innovation; menstrual hygiene materials; access to care; access to sanitation; likelihood of infection

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Citation

Haque,Sabrina Sharmin Joseph,George

Bangladesh - Investigating Nutrition-sensitive Wash : Nurturing the ‘Early Years’ of Life With Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene : Evidence and Policy Levers for Bangladesh (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/348901556196325027/Nurturing-the-Early-Years-of-Life-With-Water-Sanitation-and-Hygiene-Evidence-and-Policy-Levers-for-Bangladesh