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Concatenated Volcanic Hazards Fuego Volcano Crisis (English)

Gavin and Doherty Geosolutions Ltd. (GDG) was requested by The World Bank (TWB) to carry out a study about Volcan de Fuego (Guatemala) after the extraordinary eruption that took place on June 3rd, 2018. That eruption lasted about 17 hours and ejected an eruptive column that reached an altitude up to 6 km. Trade winds pulled the finest ashes westwards for more than 40 km. The coarser fraction of the eruptive columns collapsed mainly onto the southeast flank of the volcano where some of the existing gullies vehiculed downstream a high magnitude pyroclastic flow (a high speed turbulent avalanche of hot rock material of different sizes and gas) causing important damages in a golf course residential area, a small urban settlement, a bridge and a road. According to SE-CONRED updated report, 156 people died, 268 disappeared, and 186 houses were destroyed. The Government declared the ‘State of Calamity’ in three departments: Chimaltenango, Escuintla y Sacatepéquez. Congress endorsed the declaration which will allow the Government to use up to US dollar 25 million. The eruption already is Guatemala's deadliest event since 1902, when an eruption of the Santa Maria volcano killed thousands of people. This report is provided under the Addendum 1 to the existing project Landslide Hazard and Risk Study Pilot Study for the Mancomunidad Gran Ciudad del Sur in Guatemala. The scope of the work of the addendum is separate to the scope of work of the original project.


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    Latin America & Caribbean,

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    Concatenated Volcanic Hazards Fuego Volcano Crisis

  • Keywords

    volcanic hazard; debris avalanche; pyroclastic flow; lava flow; coastal plain; amount of water; fertile volcanic soils; surface water body; intertropical convergence zone; tropical cyclone; impact of disaster; extreme weather event; cloud of ash; sand and gravel; volcanic rock; volcanic activity; volcanic eruption; spatial distribution; steep slope; stream channel; debris flow; geological map; administrative measure; volcanic disaster; heavy rain; dry season; carbon dioxide; individual blocks; human history; solar radiation; aquifer system; fractured rock; oceanic crust; rainy season; gas emission; ground water; groundwater flow; silica content; dissolved gas; particle size; roof collapse; sunny day; electric transformer; power line; raw material; irrigation canal; indirect consequences; jet aircraft; jet engine; engine malfunction; power loss; atmospheric phenomena; geographical location; small eruption; volcanic deposit; fine-grained particles; hot air; air currents; ground surface; ballistic trajectories; colonial period; deep ocean; ice cap; average temperature; alluvial fan; human life; modern world; informal settlement; geologic map; underground water; contour lines; regional geological; local climate; high rainfall; sedimentation rate; human settlement; erosion rate; average rainfall; intense rain; explosive decompression; mud flow; river discharge; thermal system; water runoff; average distance; metamorphic rock; local population; driving force; land form; plate tectonics; topographic map; dense vegetation; tropical depressions; seasonal pattern; separate section; cold winter; global climate; sulfuric acid; ore deposits; aerosol cloud; hot gas; electronic media; small villages; mass transport; tropical storm; sulphur dioxide; volcanic gas; water content; high viscosity; hurricane season; shallow depth; hot rock; constructional processes; surface emission; geologic time; natural law; climatic condition; Geological Information; urban settlement; residential area; trade winds; human factor; response operation; civil engineering; document control; subsidiary right; noncommercial purposes



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Concatenated Volcanic Hazards Fuego Volcano Crisis (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.