Skip to Main Navigation

Impacts of COVID-19 on Labor Markets and Household Well-Being in Pakistan : Evidence From an Online Job Platform (English)

This brief uses the administrative database of Pakistan’s largest online job platform and an online COVID-19 survey to examine the gender impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on labor markets and other well-being indicators. The analysis shows that the pandemic led to an unprecedented level of economic insecurity, resulting in widespread job loss, business closures, slowdown in business activity, and reduced working hours. The sectors where women are more likely to be employed, such as education and health, were more severely affected, yet the post-pandemic recovery was faster for males. The pandemic has also led to a disproportionate increase in women’s unpaid care work, as well as increasing their reported rates of stress, anxiety and exposure to violence. These findings suggest that impacts resulting from COVID-19 might lead to further declines in women’s participation in the economy in Pakistan, where women’s labor force participation is already among the world’s lowest.

Details

  • Author

    Tas,Emcet Oktay, Ahmed,Tanima, Matsuda,Norihiko, Nomura,Shinsaku

  • Document Date

    2021/02/01

  • Document Type

    Brief

  • Report Number

    157785

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Pakistan,

  • Region

    South Asia,

  • Disclosure Date

    2022/04/18

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Impacts of COVID-19 on Labor Markets and Household Well-Being in Pakistan : Evidence From an Online Job Platform

  • Keywords

    female labor force participation; access to the internet; targeted social safety net; essential health services; primary health care services; Food Services; Labor Market; linear probability model; unpaid work; other sectors; labor force survey; job loss; households with child; education and health; share of woman; loss of income; community health worker; intimate partner violence; million people; labor market participation; entire labor force; urban labor market; attending school; human resource management; educated young people; impacts on business; information and communication; primary school teaching; labor market analysis; exposure to violence; distribution of population; number of jobs; household income; working woman; online survey; health industry; coping strategy; raw material; female workers; regional characteristic; economic shock; Gender Gap; household expenditure; economic crisis; income loss; labor demand; confirmed case; lower revenue; reduced work; vulnerable group; gender impact; household size; private company; physical abuse; recovery effort; unemployment rate; healthcare services; recent studies; knowledge creation; unemployed man; Private School; education institution; educational institute; firm size; women's empowerment; Gender Equality; employment trend; experienced violence; multivariate analysis; physical violence; price rise; formal employment; sexual abuse; sectoral composition; first wave; sustainable research; wage employment; labor supply; gender equity; Doing Business Reports; multivariate model; work status; employed persons; double burden; psychosocial support; fewer women; external assistance; household maintenance; household management; employment status; employment prospect; non-governmental organization; unemployment insurance; care needs; secondary city; mental violence; big data; increased rate; poverty impact; female respondent; ICT Industry; high share; job opportunity; insufficient income; job opportunities; male applicants; agriculture sector; professional service; female employment; population group; online platform; job applicants; workplace discrimination; human capital; rural area; sampling frame; socioeconomic status; occupational segregation; household good; net effect; Gender Inequality; gender inequalities; Learning and Innovation Credit; female candidate; secondary certificate; Job Portal

Downloads

COMPLETE REPORT

Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.

Citation

Tas,Emcet Oktay Ahmed,Tanima Matsuda,Norihiko Nomura,Shinsaku

Impacts of COVID-19 on Labor Markets and Household Well-Being in Pakistan : Evidence From an Online Job Platform (English). South Asia Gender Innovation Lab Policy Brief Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/366361617082088695/Impacts-of-COVID-19-on-Labor-Markets-and-Household-Well-Being-in-Pakistan-Evidence-From-an-Online-Job-Platform