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Levels and patterns of safety net spending in developing and transition countries : Niveles y patrones de gasto en seguridad social en paises en desarrollo y en transicion (Spanish)

This paper offers a new set of data compiled from individual World Bank country reports and covering 87 developing and transition countries during 1996-2006. The findings show that mean spending on safety nets is 1.9 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) and median spending is 1.4 percent of GDP across developing and transition countries. For about half of these countries, spending falls between 1 and 2 percent of GDP. Some variation is apparent. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Pakistan, and Tajikistan, for example, spend considerably less than 1 percent of GDP, while spending on social safety nets in Ethiopia and Malawi is nearly 4.5 percent of GDP because international aid is counted, but would be more like 0.5 percent if only domestically financed spending were counted. Other high-spending countries, Mauritius, South Africa, and the Slovak Republic, finance their safety nets domestically. Spending on safety nets is less variable than spending on social protection or the social sectors.

Details

  • Author

    Andrews, Colin

  • Document Date

    2009/01/01

  • Document Type

    Brief

  • Report Number

    47292

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    World,

  • Region

    The World Region,

  • Disclosure Date

    2010/07/01

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Niveles y patrones de gasto en seguridad social en paises en desarrollo y en transicion

  • Keywords

    calculations, cash transfers, democracy, developing countries, external financing, Human Development, in kind transfers, income, inequality, informal transfers, international aid, inventory, low-income, low-income countries, pensions, poor, power parity, price subsidies, public expenditure, purchasing power, Safety, Safety Net, safety net programs, Safety Nets, social assistance, social insurance, social protection, Social Safety Net, social safety nets, social security, Social Spending, transition countries, unemployment, unemployment insurance, works programs

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Citation

Andrews, Colin

Levels and patterns of safety net spending in developing and transition countries : Niveles y patrones de gasto en seguridad social en paises en desarrollo y en transicion (Spanish). Social Safety Nets Primer Notes ; no. 30 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/372731468327390935/Niveles-y-patrones-de-gasto-en-seguridad-social-en-paises-en-desarrollo-y-en-transicion