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Whispers to voices : gender and social transformation in Bangladesh (English)

Bangladesh stands out as the shining new example in South Asia of a poor country achieving impressive gains in gender equality. Between 1971 and 2004, Bangladesh halved its fertility rates. In much of the country today, girls' secondary school attendance exceeds that of boys. The gender gap in infant mortality has been closed. The scholarly work that came out of the micro credit revolution is based on large and unique data sets and high quality ethnographic work and has set a high bar for evidence-based policy proposals. Beyond a doubt, Bangladesh has made great progress in achieving gender equality and enhancing the status of women. Its success in girls' education, reducing fertility and mortality and the famed microcredit revolution are some of the gains that set it apart from its neighbors and other countries of its income level. When young women and their families were asked what this meant for them and how their lives were different from their mothers', the unexpectedly common theme was "finding a voice" or "being able to speak" or "being listened to".

Details

  • Author

    Das,Maitreyi B

  • Document Date

    2008/03/01

  • Document Type

    Women in Development and Gender Study

  • Report Number

    43045

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Bangladesh,

  • Region

    South Asia,

  • Disclosure Date

    2010/07/01

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Whispers to voices : gender and social transformation in Bangladesh

  • Keywords

    Campaign for Popular Education;Demographic and Health Survey;social and economic development;male labor force participation;access to health care;demand for health services;infant and child mortality;access to reproductive health;age at marriage;safety of women;high infant mortality;formal court system;violence against woman;body mass index;lives of women;bachelor of arts;discrimination in society;labor market outcome;health care system;reproductive health service;family planning program;status of woman;achieving gender equality;civil society consultation;advancement of woman;social and gender;quality of care;change in employment;care during pregnancy;entry into market;access to property;advancing gender equality;demand for contraception;inclusion of women;return to education;clean drinking water;demand for children;global economic development;impact of education;educated young people;human rights violation;continuity and change;pace of decline;participation in society;gap in enrollment;labor market discrimination;nationally representative survey;access to information;implications for policy;maternal mortality rate;secondary school attendance;vocational training institution;quality of education;secondary school education;principle of equality;young woman;social transformation;focus group;social change;participation rate;women's status;employment rate;Gender Gap;young men;young girl;educational system;women's movement;spousal violence;girls' education;fertility rate;poor child;educated girl;female education;female labor;income inequality;government response;ordinary citizens;gender inequalities;malnutrition rates;Gender Inequality;married woman;empirical investigation;women's right;marriage market;garment factories;rural area;political process;educated woman;cultural context;microcredit program;Education Policy;agricultural holdings;female enrollment;muslim woman;credit group;social affairs;urban woman;poor household;agricultural work;domestic sphere;independent country;healthcare worker;political imperative;political crisis;overseas aid;Macroeconomic Policy;funding support;Vocational Education;earning power;geographical variation;political participation;egalitarian society;Higher Education;unintended consequence;political representation;life expectancy;household level;non-governmental organization;tribal groups;professional woman;Ethnic Minorities;children's health;social fabric;gender issue;uneducated women;political landscape;constitutional guarantee;advocacy work;ethnic homogeneity;total sanitation;inheritance law;secondary level;primary schooling;rural counterpart;migration pattern;real wage;ward levels;live birth;free education;girl child;family code;gender difference;Child Marriage;medical facility;adolescent schoolgirls;institutional innovation;famine relief;household purchases;community affair;regional variation;married daughters;employment type;child birth;children's schooling;small fraction;skilled care;fertility decline;medical college;external environment;traditional norm;positive return;famine prevention;community level;birth attendant;maternal care;Women's Education;social movement;physical mobility;older woman;wage discrimination;diverse impact;poverty status;Judicial Reform;social outcome;survey questions;natural disaster;garment industry;existing law;contextual factor;national vision;family connections;international convention;village development;household income;public space;evidence-based policy;political space;reproductive age;common vision;criminal activity;administrative support;Research Support;written comment;cultural issues;women employment;solid line;supply side;empirical evidence;governing body;attending school;Homebased Work;gender norm;survival advantage;field work;agricultural wage;agricultural labor;blinder decomposition;neonatal mortality;asian countries;cash wage;adolescent boy;school certificate;social issue;physical condition;legal framework;job description;working age;Child Health

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Citation

Das,Maitreyi B

Whispers to voices : gender and social transformation in Bangladesh (English). Bangladesh development series,paper no. 22 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/379241468201292525/Whispers-to-voices-gender-and-social-transformation-in-Bangladesh