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The State of Access to Modern Energy Cooking Services (Vol. 2) : Executive Summary (English)

Progress towards ensuring access to modern cooking solutions, a key component to achieving Sustainable Development Goal 7 (SDG 7), has been slow. Today, 2.8 billion people globally still cook with traditional polluting fuels and technologies, costing the world more than 2.4 trillion dollars each year, driven by adverse impacts on health (1.4 trillion dollars), climate (0.2 trillion dollars), and women (0.8 trillion dollars from lost productivity). Solutions to tackle this pressing development challenge must prioritize user preferences and local cooking contexts to address longstanding barriers to the adoption of modern cooking solutions. The report finds that four billion people around the world still lack access to clean, efficient, convenient, safe, reliable, and affordable cooking energy. To achieve universal access to modern energy cooking services (MECS) by 2030, it calls for actions to prioritize MECS access in global and national arenas, formalize cooking energy demand in national energy planning, and dramatically scale up public and private financing.


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    ESMAP Paper

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    The World Region,

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    Executive Summary

  • Keywords

    Energy; Demographic and Health Survey; investment need; measure of use; Sustainable Energy for All; billion people; indoor air quality; liquefied petroleum gas; local market condition; errors of fact; national energy planning; service and infrastructure; countries in transition; national policy making; privileges and immunity; energy investment policy; economies of scale; modern energy service; participation of stakeholder; people without access; global value chain; value-added tax; primary cooking fuel; availability of fuel; analytical and advisory; results-based financing; burden of disease; initial capital cost; clean fuel; traditional stove; development partner; Population Growth; household access; contextual factor; Clean Energy; greater access; Energy Sector; rural area; energy transition; public support; energy policies; household fuel; rural public; electrification program; regional contributions; household contribution; comparative advantage; charcoal price; income quintile; urban household; household survey; access barrier; behavior change; biomass fuel; transition program; high share; global population; analytical tool; geographic area; chronic disease; primary fuel; rural electricity; burn fuel; primarily use; wood fuel; new business; ethanol distribution; financial resource; modern fuel; boil water; environmental degradation; local supply; safety aspect; disproportionate share; poor health; lost productivity; financing commitment; policy priority; market development; adverse climate; user behavior; non-profit organization; tariff regime; emissions exposure; import duty; sales tax; premature death; industry growth; urban development; Gender Equality; high tax; low share; traditional technology; Social Protection; intergovernmental coordination; aggregate analysis; rural setting; Direct Subsidies; direct subsidy; commercial purpose; efficient stove; fuel market; Boosting Growth; negative externality; solar company; non-governmental organization; business model; commercial innovation; political will; carbon finance; financial structure; written permission; original work; sole responsibility; supply chain; capital infrastructure; donor support; copyright owner; rural population; disruptive technology; investment commitment; energy system; innovative technologies; market failure; research effort; traditional biomass; private finance; strategy development; biofuel use; communication support; emission performance; national household; energy resource; subsidiary right; enterprise survey; Learning and Innovation Credit; ministerial department; noncommercial purposes; connection fee; energy infrastructure; public resource; private-sector capital; no access; interim findings; gasification technology; coordinated action; still others; electric cooking; foreign affair; social affairs; household cooking; technology innovation; seed funding



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The State of Access to Modern Energy Cooking Services (Vol. 2) : Executive Summary (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.