Skip to Main Navigation

ESMAP annual report 1993 (English)

The fifteen months under review in the present report were essentially a period of consolidation for ESMAP. The Programme is now implementing, with some necessary adaptations, the Strategy and Work Program presented to donors during the spring of 1992. It has also consolidated its working relations with the World Bank and donors; streamlined its governance; and secured a sustained level of funding. These accomplishments put ESMAP on fairly solid footing to provide technical assistance to recipient countries during the next few years. A salient feature of ESMAP's recent activity has been its maturing approach to assisting developing countries as they embark on second generation energy strategies. During this phase, traditional activities such as assessment and development of energy resources are accompanied by major reforms, including restructuring and regulatory adjustments, price and tariff revisions, and investment programs that increasingly embody environmental concerns. ESMAP's operations in 1992-93 reflected substantial movement toward "second generation" energy strategy work, with an emphasis on restructuring, pricing, legal and regulatory issues. Among the important ESMAP has made major efforts in assisting countries including Poland, India and Morocco in planning and carrying out restructuring of key segments of the power sector. ESMAP household and rural energy activities have continued vigorously in Mali, Chad, Rwanda, Vietnam, India, Bolivia, Jamaica and several other countries. Similarly, energy efficiency and conservation efforts, including institution and local capacity building work and training in demand-side management, have been a major feature of ESMAP efforts in China, Pakistan, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, and several other countries. Oil and gas activities remain important not only in African countries such as Mozambique and Morocco but also in several Eastern European and former Soviet countries that have substantially underutilized capabilities and have an urgent need for reliable and clean energy sources. On the financial front, the Programme's management has adapted to decreased levels of funding by taking a conservative financial approach. Financial management has also been facilitated by the introduction of a new budget.


  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Annual Report

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region

    The World Region,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    ESMAP annual report 1993

  • Keywords

    energy sector management assistance programme; development of energy efficiency; energy sector restructuring; efficiency of energy production; legal and regulatory framework; efficiency of energy use; township and village enterprise; Oil and Gas Sector; energy efficiency improvement; energy sector review; power sector reform; Oil & Gas; energy assessment; power loss reduction; energy pricing policy; gas reserve; technical assistance program; several other countries; national power utility; former soviet union; gas sector review; energy strategies; reduction of poverty; state of knowledge; energy efficiency policy; competitive market conditions; regulation of electricity; regulation electricity; human resource development; energy efficiency incentives; end-use energy efficiency; energy demand management; Energy Sector Reform; poverty alleviation program; indication of interest; water pumping system; lack of interest; gas pricing; energy sector strategy; industrial energy conservation; computerized accounting system; seminars and workshops; budget information system; clean energy source; natural gas trade; availability of gas; local capacity building; use of gas; community at large; household energy strategy; changes in price; rural energy development; independent power producer; household energy demand; national energy; rural energy use; energy research institute; efficient energy use; household energy consumption; activity in energy; energy management service; power sector restructuring; Promoting Private Sector; lack of accountability; recipient countries; energy study; gas import; gas industries; research activities; research activity; gas industry; month period; interfuel substitution; charcoal production; wood resource; energy enterprise; energy specialist; charcoal stove; demand-side management; best practice; low-income household; industrial sector; legal framework; commercial enterprise; other sectors; rural area; energy policies; charcoal kiln; staff fund; urban energy; development phase; investment program; appropriate legislation; organizational development; institutional environment; smaller group; national utility; power production; transmission company; vertical monopoly; power utilities; work rule; external expert; issue papers; plenary session; government personnel; corporate restructuring; comparative performance; technical expertise; energy minister; forest degradation; energy equipment; desertification control; tariff revision; petroleum fuel; agricultural activity; urban household; environmental concern; distribution company; recent years; conventional energy; traditional fuel; Regulatory Bodies; regulatory body; Corporate Functions; commercial basis; budget constraint; public resource; investment requirement; state power; Direct Subsidies; direct subsidy; energy need; old system; consumer subsidy; political decision; international community; study including; vulnerable consumer; energy price; public finance; low pricing; large subsidy; petroleum exploration; financing mechanism; electricity law; sector structure; Public Utilities; private investor; sensitive issues; global network; international expert; foreign company; power supply; contractual framework; national ownership; corporate planning; energy law; external costs; hard coal; Electric Power; competitive regulatory; clear definition; strategic agenda; incentive mechanism; preinvestment study; macroeconomic impediment; public expenditure; conservation program; long-term policies; restructuring strategy; funding mechanism; organizational structure; information dissemination; generating capacity; severe drought; load shedding; metal casting; investment option; economic efficiency; support policy; primary focus; residential sector; national gas; fiscal issue; oil product; transmission system; domestic gas; industrial market; Power Generation; transmission investment; gas consumer; energy service; gas transport; transferring knowledge; pipeline tariff



Official version of document (may contain signatures, etc)

  • Official PDF
  • TXT*
  • Total Downloads** :
  • Download Stats
  • *The text version is uncorrected OCR text and is included solely to benefit users with slow connectivity.


ESMAP annual report 1993 (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.