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Primary Education in Remote Indonesia : Survey Results from West Kalimantan and East Nusa Tenggara (English)

The delivery of education services still faces challenges in many developing countries, especially in poor rural and remote areas. In Indonesia, despite success in achieving universal enrollment at the primary school level, the quality of education service delivery and student learning outcomes remains low. Starting in 2016, the World Bank has supported the Government of Indonesia to improve teacher performance and community participation in education through KIAT Guru. The first phase of KIAT Guru (Improving Teacher Performance and Accountability) was piloted in five districts ranked among the poorest of Indonesia. Prior to piloting the KIAT Guru, a baseline survey, which is summarized in this report, was conducted in 270 remote primary schools between 2016-2017 with respondents including principals, teachers, students, school committees, parents, and village heads. This report presents a detailed description of the six main findings of the survey, along with policy recommendations: (1) Surveyed schools and villages face connectivity challenges that may discourage the best teachers from working in these areas; (2) Quality of education services in surveyed schools is hindered by teacher qualifications, teacher composition, and the necessity for multi-grade teaching; (3) Teacher incomes fluctuate substantially within schools, which may affect motivation; (4) Teacher absence is a serious problem, leaving 25 percent of classrooms with no teachers; (5) Most students tested were performing two grade levels below their current grade and had not mastered basic standards of their former grade level; and (6) Parents’ satisfaction with the quality of education and learning outcomes is in contrast with the factual findings.


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    East Asia and Pacific,

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    Primary Education in Remote Indonesia : Survey Results from West Kalimantan and East Nusa Tenggara

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    Teachers; low student-teacher ratio; Progress in International Reading Literacy Study; Program for International Student; Direct Support to Schools; physical condition of school; community participation in education; average number of student; effect on student learning; national school; high rate of absenteeism; low demand for education; Community Involvement in Education; Teacher salary and allowances; junior secondary school level; active involvement of parent; financing basic education; statistical yearbook; student learn outcome; quality of education; public primary school; Early childhood education; education service delivery; senior secondary school; primary school teacher; number of teachers; lack of interest; attendance at school; primary school availability; high school education; high poverty rate; access to mobile; payment of teacher; low poverty rate; private primary school; senior secondary education; liquefied petroleum gas; student per class; language of instruction; absence from school; social development program; official poverty line; literacy and numeracy; primary education service; equity of distribution; child in school; short term contract; sense of satisfaction; social development practice; public service delivery; rural poverty rate; primary school level; Access to Electricity; access to telecommunication; quality of learning; improve Education Quality; quality of teacher; development over time; Poverty & Inequality; supervision of school; gross enrollment rate; education policy reform; teacher academic qualification; national education budget; civil service teacher; performance of student; civil servant status; low income earners; security and protection; social education; senior education specialist; education and culture; distance learning course; types of asset; relatively high rate; rehabilitation of school; participation in decision; rehabilitation of infrastructure; school educational service; high school diploma; performance at school; participation of teacher; children at home; trade and services; lack of awareness; primary school student; access to internet; difference in income; attendance of school; perception teacher; missing in action; efficiency and quality; access to health; married male; education for all; primary school construction; senior high schools; availability of school; system education; recruitment of teacher; junior secondary level; motivation of teacher; junior high school; distribution of school; social protection program; remote area; teacher absence



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Primary Education in Remote Indonesia : Survey Results from West Kalimantan and East Nusa Tenggara (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.