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Nigeria - Rural Access and Agricultural Marketing Project : Environmental Assessment : Environmental and Social Management Framework (English)

The development objective of the Rural Access and Agricultural Marketing Project for Nigeria are to improve transport conditions and sustain access to the rural population; enhance agricultural marketing potentials through rehabilitating, installation and maintenance of key rural infrastructure in selected Nigerian states. Some of the negative impacts are include: (i) Damage or destroy sensitive terrestrial ecosystems(trees being removed &disturbance to wildlife); (ii) produce areas of bare soil which cause erosion, siltation, changes in natural water flow,and/or damage to aquatic ecosystems; (iii) damage or destroy sensitive terrestrial ecosystems; (iv) damage to local habitat, compact soil, leading to erosion; (v) effects on paleontological,archaeological, historic, religious, or cultural sites; (vi) poor construction and rehabilitation works with attendant consequences on the environment; (vii) cause erosion, siltation, changes innatural water flow, and damage to aquatic ecosystems when excavated soil is piled inappropriately; (viii) degrade water quality; (ix) increased risk to road accident; (x) contaminatesurface water and spread disease via solid waste and faces generated by camp Spread communicable diseases including malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS via construction crew who come from outside the region; Some of the mitigation measures are include: (i) incorporation of environmental concerns in project preparation to avoid impacts in construction and operation stages; (ii) Chose or develop design standards for each facet of construction and related activities—road bed, road surface, drainage, erosion control, re-vegetation, stream crossing, sensitive areas, steepslopes, material extraction, transport and storage, construction camps,decommissioning; (iii) identify sites for temporary and permanent storage of excavated material and construction materials; (iv) install drainage ditches or berms on uphill slopes to divert water away from roads and into streams; (v) realign road sections to meander; curving roads deter speeding; (vi) provide plans to identify, protect, and use sensitive habitats; (vii) remove surface andloosen soil of previous track to accelerate regeneration of vegetation; (viii) Water the roadimmediately before compacting to strengthen the road surface, otherwise traffic will soon beat back the road surface to pre-bladed condition; (ix) take safety precautions to protect being injured by flying or falling rock; (x) ensure adequate and prompt compensation, rehabilitation or relocation of all project affected persons.

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Nigeria - Rural Access and Agricultural Marketing Project : Environmental Assessment : Environmental and Social Management Framework (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/387371536347343152/Environmental-and-Social-Management-Framework