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Improving the Effectiveness of Public Finance : Cambodia Public Expenditure Review (English)

Cambodia’s rapid economic growth and poverty reduction have taken place in an environment characterized by macroeconomic stability and prudent fiscal management. Having recently graduated to become a lower middle-income country, Cambodia is beginning to face complex fiscal and public service delivery challenges. The Cambodia public expenditure review (PER) discusses the numerous achievements in fiscal policy to date and presents policy options going forward, based on both analysis and consultations with stakeholders. The PER aims to help the Royal Government of Cambodia in the effort to overcome the challenges and move toward more effective public spending and service delivery, while maintaining macroeconomic stability. To make the most of fiscal policy and available fiscal space, Cambodia needs to continue improving the allocation and execution of public resources, for increased value for money. The Cambodia Public Expenditure Review (PER)discusses the numerous achievements in fiscal policy to date and proposes policy options goingforward, based on both analysis and consultations with stakeholders. The PER aims to help the RoyalGovernment of Cambodia in the effort to overcome the abovementioned challenges and move towardmore effective public spending and service delivery, while maintaining macroeconomic stability. Structured around the key challenges, the six chapters of the PER are based on background papers that incorporate feedback from two rounds of consultations with the PER Committee chaired by the Ministry of Economy and Finance.

Details

  • Document Date

    2019/06/01

  • Document Type

    Public Expenditure Review

  • Report Number

    127243

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    2

  • Country

    Cambodia,

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2019/06/26

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    Improving the Effectiveness of Public Finance : Cambodia Public Expenditure Review

  • Keywords

    tax incentive; Teachers; Agriculture; Quality Education for All; quality of public spending; discussion papers; fiscal space; Public Goods; investment incentive; Management of Public Finance; macroeconomic and fiscal; public investment management; physical condition of school; public sector wage; public revenue; sanitary and phytosanitary standards; quality of transportation; South East; Technical and Vocational Education; foreign direct investment; public service delivery; flow of funding; financed capital expenditure; public sector deficit; sustainable fiscal policy; quality of learning; provision of road; operations and maintenance; source of funding; integrate water resource; irrigation; return to investment; public resource; program budget; public expenditure allocation; nominal tax rate; expenditure per student; round of consultations; domestic private sector; global value chain; Higher Education; long travel distances; upper secondary education; higher teacher salary; incentives for investment; tax administration process; global financial crisis; provision of infrastructure; public investment program; asian financial crisis; public agricultural research; agriculture and irrigation; parent and children; higher education institution; irrigation scheme; secondary completion rate; allocation of resource; Integrated Resource Management; institutional framework; road transport infrastructure; debt sustainability analysis; corporate income tax; tax relief; types of taxes; release of fund; Public Infrastructure; education quality assurance; degree of decentralization; tax revenue collection; Public Debt Management; corporate tax credits; area of education; share of trade; gross domestic product; investment tax allowance; international commodity price; investment tax credit; division of labor; education and health; Fiscal policies; tax administration reform; awareness and communication; privileges and immunity; Early childhood education; machinery and equipment; prudent fiscal management; Macroeconomic Stability; distribution of responsibility; tax identification number; average tax rate; limitation of tax; capital spending; fiscal policy development; Access to Electricity; alternative scenarios; budget execution; road condition; Tax Holiday; government spending; Tax Exemption; expenditure efficiency; provincial road; regulatory function; comparator country; test score; rural area; public wage; expenditure increase; minimum wage; Primary and Secondary Education; paved road; reform scenario; inspection service; remote area; small school; competitive agriculture; fiscal cost; government funding; international cooperation; agriculture research; food safety; construction standard; water availability; development partner; rainy season; policy option; fiscal consolidation; government revenue; increased transparency; exchange rate; research assistance; baseline scenario; finance infrastructure; medium-sized enterprise; Public-Private Partnership; monitor performance; agriculture sector; millennium development; concessional financing; heavy reliance; additional revenue; stakeholder consultation; infrastructure sector; Natural Resources; high share; social security; subsequent years; strategic objective; transportation network; multilateral cooperation; domestic bond; Exchange Rates; preferential trade; direct funding; institutional building; crop production; school level; school type; double shift; student cost; total employment; remote province; primary sector; access cost; extension service; cost-benefit analysis; classroom behavior; opportunity cost; student grant; teacher behavior; community engagement; regression analysis; access gap; teacher ratio; transportation spending; budget fragmentation; transportation sector; routine maintenance; emergency maintenance; urban investment; farm profitability; existing schemes; future need; institutional assessment; enrollment rate; road accessibility; transparent rule; road maintenance

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Citation

Improving the Effectiveness of Public Finance : Cambodia Public Expenditure Review (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/387991561557367581/Improving-the-Effectiveness-of-Public-Finance-Cambodia-Public-Expenditure-Review