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The Challenges Urbanization in West Africa : The challenges urbanization in West Africa (English)

The Sahel is experiencing rapid and disorderly urbanization. The capital cities of Bamako, Conakry, and Niamey dominate the urban landscape in their respective countries. In each of these three countries, the economic importance of the capital city is enormous. For instance, Bamako represents about 34 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), whereas Conakry and Niamey each represent about 27 percent of GDP in their respective countries. Furthermore, as their populations are increasing at a faster rate than anywhere else in the world, the attendant youth bulge could turn into either a demographic dividend, whereby cities take advantage of a temporary boom in the working age population to productively employ young people, or a demographic disaster, accompanied by urban instability if cities do not meet these aspirations.


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    Working Paper

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    Western Africa,

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    The challenges urbanization in West Africa

  • Keywords

    Urban Infrastructure and Service Delivery; world development indicator; Technical and Financial Partners; access to basic service; efficient delivery of services; cost of service delivery; Access to Electricity; access to land; engine of growth; urban service delivery; urban local government; demand for land; cost of living; urban land market; per capita revenue; total public expenditure; Solid Waste Management; cost of access; influx of newcomer; Public Financial Management; local government spending; improving service delivery; investment in transportation; per capita term; effective service delivery; public service provision; source of revenue; private sector job; land delivery system; number of jobs; land and housing; terms of use; investment in buildings; secure property right; working age population; local government administration; access to water; improved water source; land use planning; access to finance; local self-governance; degree of decentralization; soukeyna kane; urban growth rate; local government performance; rate of innovation; gross domestic product; lack of control; urban population growth; local government jurisdiction; local government tax; urban development; urban expansion; Urban Planning; city government; Public Services; Population Density; city council; national gdp; young people; national economy; colonial rule; demographic dividend; rapid urbanization; decentralization reform; own-source revenue; Labor Market; business environment; financial resource; construction permit; peripheral area; urban extension; geographical location; institutional framework; capital expenditure; living condition; government investment; high share; urban investment; urban accessibility; urban issue; agglomeration economy; unequal access; labor productivity; comparator country; political stability; institutional difference; urban layout; local election; high concentration; delivery channels; positive growth; youth bulge; urban landscape; urban mobility; living cost; productive investment; decentralization index; land allocation; legislative framework; local democracy; citizen participation; fiscal space; government play; constitutional framework; financial transfer; path dependency; political history; historic center; productivity growth; household consumption; transportation price; city population; spatial density; Regional Studies; sustainable urban; african households; motorcycle taxi; total trip; transportation choice; public bus; shared taxis; transportation service; motorized transportation; geographical range; government source; administrative decentralization; fiscal decentralization; political decentralization; british rule; colonial period; institutional environment; central treasury; public finance; urban structure; payroll cost; city planning; spatial structure; organizational outcome; land development; employment status; sustainable land; land price; social peace; social unrest; land administration; public authority; political network; informal channel; Housing Policy; rural commune; secure access; speculative investment; idle funds; monetary asset; Social Protection; saving institution; land reform; legal framework; state ownership; employment opportunity; land economics; average distance; agricultural land; longer distance; arterial road; congestion level; informal settlement; living expense; urban core; poor household; household resource; employment opportunities; transportation sector; urban management; local economy; inclusive cities; hold land; middle class; ownership right; administrative documents; expenditure account; municipal spending; fiscal transfer; city mayor; municipal council; urban goods; government units; administrative jurisdiction; administrative region; government spent; City Management; political change; national revenue; political settlement; political reform; pluralist democracy; authoritarian regimes; territorial integrity; spatial expansion; colonial era; civil code; land right



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The Challenges Urbanization in West Africa : The challenges urbanization in West Africa (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.