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East Asian labor markets and the economic crisis : impacts, responses, and lessons (English)

The sudden, and often painful consequences of the financial crisis in East and Southern Asia, led to disappearing employment, and earning opportunities in the formal sector, reduced incomes, and meager social assistance. Thus, these difficult events of the late 1990s, raised questions for the region's countries, regarding the labor market aspects of the crisis, and the needed labor policy reforms for the long term. It is in this framework that the World Bank, and the International Labor Organization (ILO) sponsored a series of papers on policy options, i.e., unemployment benefits, active labor market programs, support for vulnerable groups, and social dialogue, which were presented at the Tokyo Workshop in October 1999. This book includes those country reports, and international policy papers, in a revised form to reflect the seminar discussions. It describes how regional labor markets were affected, and how governments, and communities responded, and, looks forward in setting out the labor policy options for the future, based on international experience. A follow-up project, will focus on the application of active, and passive labor programs, to be discussed at a regional seminar in early 2001.

Details

  • Author

    Betcherman, Gordon [editor] Islam, Rizwanul [editor] Tunekawa, Kenji Bhattacharya, Gopal Dhanani, Shafiq Iacono, Max Mehran, Farhad Mukhopadhyay, Swapna Phan Thuy Soon-Hie Hang Keum, Jaeho Dong-Heon Kim Gonggyun Shin Mansor, Norma Tan Eu Chye Boehanoeddin, Ali Said, Fatimah Saad Mohd Said Esguerra, Jude Balisacan, Arsenio Confessor, Nieves Mahmood, Moazam Aryah,Gosah Dar, Amit Luinstra, Amy Makoto Ogawa Cox Edwards, Alexandra Manning, Chris Horton, Susan Mazumdar, Dipak Campbell, Duncan Naoyuki Kameyama

  • Document Date

    2001/02/28

  • Document Type

    Project Information Document

  • Report Number

    21904

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    Thailand,

    Japan,

    Philippines,

    Korea,

    Republic of,

    Malaysia,

    Indonesia, East Asia and Pacific

  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date

    2001/03/30

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    East Asian labor markets and the economic crisis : impacts, responses, and lessons

  • Keywords

    Labor Market;participation in employment;economic crisis;public works program;active labor market program;vocational education and training;labor force participation rate;active labor market intervention;Employment in Urban Areas;International Trade and Investment;informal sector;public employment service;labor market policy;labor market information;labor market impact;unpaid family worker;working age population;demand for labor;skill training programs;fixed term contract;form of credit;number of workers;labor market adjustment;private training institution;labor market trend;female unemployment rate;SME credit program;educational classroom use;supply of labor;labor market development;types of income;change in employment;availability of credit;perfectly competitive market;decline in agriculture;reduction in employment;world development indicator;net welfare effect;role of migration;forms of employment;labor market experience;structure of employment;Labor Policies;labor policy;real wage;retrenched worker;displaced worker;downward pressure;economic shock;female participation;wage employment;unemployed worker;Employment Services;Enterprise Development;open unemployment;vulnerable group;financial crisis;labor demand;small borrower;agricultural employment;unemployment insurance;provident fund;Social Protection;pilot program;unemployment benefit;Wage Bill;trade union;subsidized credit;commercial bank;construction programs;labor supply;Vocational Training;informal employment;credit crunch;adjustment process;youth unemployment;crisis country;agricultural sector;employment creation;industrial sector;output shock;policy option;ongoing support;massive infrastructure;skill upgrading;geographical targeting;livelihood program;medium-size enterprise;national system;employment declines;guarantee facilities;loan scheme;emergency measure;credit scheme;benefit adjustment;adjustment mechanism;industrial economy;microcredit program;wage adjustment;adjustment path;wage sector;labor regulation;high wage;labor displacement;emergency loan;private provider;vulnerable employment;rural work;self-employment opportunity;creating job;protecting worker;small-scale entrepreneur;administrative delays;declining wage;industrial country;apprenticeship program;labor exchange;regional employment;management problems;commercial lending;rural area;social assistance;Young Workers;female workers;international policy;academic specialist;labor flow;rural income;modest increase;comparability issue;absolute change;working condition;work permit;data availability;industrialized country;Industrialized countries;absolute decline;industrial composition;administrative support;reservation wage;labor institutions;older worker;drawing right;passive labor;committee approval;wage setting;wage earner;international expert;migrant laborer;urban sector;urban activity;macroeconomic stabilization;employment loss;demand response;social tension;living standard;macroeconomic crisis;workers' rights;price adjustment;agricultural industry;economic hardship;negative effect;institutional factor;structural adjustment;wage decline;rising unemployment;discouraged worker;supply-side response;empirical analysis;industrial structure;world economic;adjustment effort;aggregate demand;industrial relation;real gdp;supply side;export growth;employment policy;Employment Policies;job growth;vulnerable population;income support;educational level;research community;social dimension;project costing;affected country;high ratio;severely limits;rice subsidy;young male;informal activity;earning opportunity;

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Citation

Betcherman, Gordon [editor] Islam, Rizwanul [editor] Tunekawa, Kenji Bhattacharya, Gopal Dhanani, Shafiq Iacono, Max Mehran, Farhad Mukhopadhyay, Swapna Phan Thuy Soon-Hie Hang Keum, Jaeho Dong-Heon Kim Gonggyun Shin Mansor, Norma Tan Eu Chye Boehanoeddin, Ali Said, Fatimah Saad Mohd Said Esguerra, Jude Balisacan, Arsenio Confessor, Nieves Mahmood, Moazam Aryah,Gosah Dar, Amit Luinstra, Amy Makoto Ogawa Cox Edwards, Alexandra Manning, Chris Horton, Susan Mazumdar, Dipak Campbell, Duncan Naoyuki Kameyama

East Asian labor markets and the economic crisis : impacts, responses, and lessons (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/391911468172737281/East-Asian-labor-markets-and-the-economic-crisis-impacts-responses-and-lessons