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Land in transition : reform and poverty in rural Vietnam (English)

The policy reforms called for in the transition from a socialist command economy to a developing market economy bring both opportunities and risks to a country's citizens. In poor economies, the initial focus of reform efforts is naturally the rural sector, which is where one finds the bulk of the population and almost all the poor. Economic development will typically entail moving many rural households out of farming into more remunerative (urban and rural) non-farm activities. Reforms that shift the rural economy from the relatively rigid, control-based farming institutions found under socialist agriculture to a more flexible, market-based model in which production incentives are strong can thus play an important role in the process of economic growth. However, such reforms present a major challenge to policy makers, who are concerned that they will generate socially unacceptable inequalities in land and other dimensions relevant to people's living standards. This book studies how the changes in land institutions and land allocation required for Vietnam's agrarian transition affected people's living standards-notably that of the country's rural poor. Living standards means household command over commodities, as measured by consumption


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    Ravallion,Martin, Van De Walle,Dominique

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    East Asia and Pacific,

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    Land in transition : reform and poverty in rural Vietnam

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    poverty and social impact analysis;large tracts of land;access to formal credit;land allocation;poverty and public policy;gender and development;Agrarian Reform;farmer;redistributive land reform;agricultural land-use;impact on poverty;agricultural land market;allocation of land;consumption per person;abuse of power;agricultural land area;market economy;agricultural growth rate;collective farming system;egalitarian land reform;mobility of households;access to farm;contracts for supply;local decision making;agricultural productivity increase;representative household surveys;level of policy;access to land;terms of trade;unit of output;living standard;land-use rights;rural economy;land reallocation;rural population;equitable allocation;efficiency gain;competitive market;free market;local elite;Political Economy;family farming;communist party;economic efficiency;occupational choice;absolute poverty;theoretical model;administrative allocation;market force;land title;bargaining model;empirical method;farm household;production quota;antipoverty program;land transaction;Social Protection;local state;agricultural output;efficient users;individual household;market failure;land policy;land law;land policies;welfare impact;output market;tenant farmer;poor farming;rural land;aggregate output;food shortage;local condition;resistance movement;transition reform;legal reform;institutional change;Transition economies;historical claim;transition economy;farm activities;farm activity;poverty impact;Socialist economies;registered trademark;present evidence;agrarian policy;food supply;demobilized soldier;food crisis;higher inequality;fixed period;game theory;inequality will;dynamic economy;credit provision;poverty reducing;market process;market factor;labor input;rural area;market-oriented reforms;residual claimant;market price;displaced person;industrial sector;food availability;landless laborer;short period;credit market;irrigation system;informal credit;private market;farm output;hot spot;land dispute;aggregate land;food aid;market land;cultivable land;efficiency cost;driving force;poverty incidence;land institutions;Rural Poor;specific issue;equitable manner;rising inequity;farm input;production incentive;research assistance;legal change;imperfect information;factor market;legal obstacles;international agency;institutional framework;market mechanism;agricultural labor;social context;private ownership;age cohort;empirical relevance;economic model;Impact assessments;extreme poverty;applicable law;subsidiary right;Economic Policy;transaction cost;equity impact;welfare gains;non-governmental organization;Command economy;reform effort;Rural Sector;equity-efficiency trade-off;Farm-Household Consumption;micro model;local administrator;rural production;equity perspective;summary statistic;historical context;counterfactual analysis;research department;Contracting Out;class structure;political process;social status;rural inequality;production system;scale economy;incentive problem;private land;everyday politics;journal articles;rural worker;public expenditure;market allocation;property right;land issue;small farmer;local autonomy;aggregate consumption;human capital;ownership right;urban agricultural policy;central authority;local politician;contract farming;land redistribution;comparable basis;income inequality;land inequality;social cost;market imperfection;large farm;real value;agricultural production;anecdotal evidence;local power;



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Ravallion,Martin Van De Walle,Dominique

Land in transition : reform and poverty in rural Vietnam (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.