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Conflict-sensitive development assistance : the case of Burundi (English)

This paper draws on four initiatives. The first is a collaborative effort between the Bank and the Permanent Secretariat for Economic and Social Reforms of the Government of Burundi on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP), identifying ways the consultation process and the PRSP itself can address structural causes of the conflict and contribute to the consolidation of peace (2004). The second is the Burundi Leadership Training Program, a post-conflict reconstruction initiative launched by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in October 2002 with the support of the Bank's Post Conflict Fund. The third initiative is the PRSPs in Conflict-Affected Countries Project of the Bank (Poverty Reduction Group and Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction Unit), which includes analysis of a set of conflicts and a review of the conflict-sensitivity of PRSPs. The fourth initiative is the conflict analysis exercise conducted in 2003. The paper notes eight principles to guide development assistance: 1) "do no harm", particularly to avoid reinforcing or triggering conflict causes; 2) make peace dividends visible to the population; 3) include short-term issues, especially the restoration of security; 4) limit the potential for mass mobilization; 5) address the structural causes of conflict; 6) address the perceptual and attitudinal legacy of the conflict; 7) ensure that development assistance is consistent and sustained; and, 8) consider the regional context. It reviews a number of development areas where there are opportunities to incorporate the above principles, including: the PRSP process; rural development; infrastructure; security sector reform and demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants; land tenure; employment generation; governance; and the social sectors.

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    Brachet, Juana, Wolpe, Howard

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    Conflict-sensitive development assistance : the case of Burundi

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    project design and implementation;Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome;peace process;Internally Displaced Person;consolidation of peace;opportunities for development;return of refugee;economic growth rate;extreme poverty;private sector job;reintegration of refugee;dispute resolution mechanism;vocational training center;lack of opportunity;cycle of violence;failure of governance;rapid population growth;command and control;Upward Economic Mobility;code of conduct;risk of conflict;Access to Education;implications for development;allocation of land;communities of origin;military and police;capacity of community;Human Immunodeficiency Virus;access to land;Rule of Law;benefits of peace;military contingency plan;demobilization and reintegration;act of violence;governance and institutions;human rights abuse;poverty and conflict;human rights watch;equity in access;impact of conflict;mass mobilization;transitional government;social capital;political institution;Violent Conflict;Civil War;civilian population;political power;international community;human security;peacekeeping force;judicial system;rural area;political mobilization;Political Violence;unequal access;refugee camp;social opportunities;conflict analysis;ethnic group;rebel group;political uncertainty;ethnic divide;police force;resource scarcity;ethnic tension;economic recovery;leadership training;armed groups;political transition;donor pledge;causal relationship;agricultural sector;operational issues;external force;public confidence;vertical accountability;conflict management;refugee flows;social issue;political appeal;security forces;ethnic line;political dynamic;ethnic identities;political parties;political party;regional conflict;violent acts;land scarcity;scarce land;household poverty;economic mismanagement;vulnerable people;ethnic polarization;environmental degradation;open economy;state power;international aid;interest initiative;Population Density;national income;environmental scarcity;agricultural society;productive land;credit practice;aid organization;geographic location;military expenditure;national assembly;international engagement;party competition;military dictatorship;social disparities;land area;political elite;political conflict;regional dimension;social inequity;student population;anecdotal evidence;social indicator;fair elections;political development;ethnic distinction;population explosion;political ethic;grassroots community;management capacity;elite manipulation;mass violence;regional disparity;ethnic cleavages;political difference;small arms;external pressure;war crime;safe haven;Physical securities;societal discrimination;donor community;war effort;minority right;political figure;parliamentary majority;independent radio;violent solution;severely limits;burundian franc;real gdp;high inflation;unrealistic expectation;productive resource;Natural Resources;arable land;reconciliation process;popular participation;hate speech;independent media;state monopoly;political boundary;small grants;media outlet;inheritance law;Land tenure;Peace Talks;national product;coffee price;land erosion;institutional weakness;social life;credible institution;regional context;employment generation;development performance;environmental stress;stabilization effort;colonial rule;colonial period;civil society;non-governmental organization;church institutions;social disparity;social institution;ethnic boundary;national identity;massive killing;social cleavage;increased opportunity;legal accountability;government priority;donor support;accountability mechanism;Special Envoy;collaborative effort;consultation process;democratic transition;humanitarian aid;cold war;Macroeconomic Policy;community level;peace building;managerial effectiveness;ethnic dimension;external assistance;peace negotiation;sector programs;rebel movement;negotiating parties;transitional period;military operation;legislative election;economic depression;historical pattern;social divide;regional imbalances



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Brachet, Juana Wolpe, Howard

Conflict-sensitive development assistance : the case of Burundi (English). Social development papers. Conflict prevention and reconstruction series ; CPR no. 27 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.