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Key Development Challenges Around Internal Displacement : A Gender Perspective (English)

At the end of 2020, there were over 48 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) displaced by conflict and another seven million displaced by natural disasters, more than double the number of refugees. The challenges facing IDPs are often less visible than those facing refugees, although accumulating evidence does point to systematic disadvantages, especially for women and girls. This paper charts the extent to which national and international policies and programs address gender in displacement settings. Our review finds that while there has been important progress, major shortcomings persist in addressing the gendered dimensions of internal displacement at the international and country levels. Commitments on paper have not consistently translated to change in practice. Gender gaps in livelihoods, social protection, durable solutions, gender-based violence, health, and education as major challenges requiring increased attention.


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    Klugman,Jeni, Ortiz,Elena Judith

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    Working Paper

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    The World Region,

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  • Doc Name

    Key Development Challenges Around Internal Displacement : A Gender Perspective

  • Keywords

    human rights-based approach; un general assembly; woman head of household; access to humanitarian assistance; overseas development institute; know how; access to essential service; several areas; system for service delivery; access to reproductive health; educational achievement of girl; internal displacement; Gender-Based Violence; intimate partner violence; Internally Displaced Person; Host Communities; conflict and violence; access to school; number of refugees; average monthly income; access to health-care; Internally Displaced People; risk of violence; Access to Education; poverty and livelihood; opportunities of woman; personal protective equipment; access to land; loss of land; participation of woman; access to food; act of gender; international human right; source income; availability of service; likelihood of infection; extreme weather event; human rights violation; right of citizens; international legal framework; protection for woman; accessing health care; result for girls; free basic education; national gender gap; gender parity index; post-traumatic stress disorder; lack of gender; access to justice; sex with men; lack of food; form of violence; separation from family; displacement and resettlement; place of origin; inclusion of women; lack of land; lack of education; effects of gender; high risk aversion; source of income; support for woman; equal employment opportunity; violence against woman; lack of skill; forced displacement; gender perspective; gender dimension; natural disaster; Social Protection; national policy; humanitarian response; Sexual Violence; research program; Cash Transfer; in school; early marriage; Armed Conflict; equal right; gender inequalities; international framework; displaced child; Child Marriage; sex-disaggregated data; international agency; Gender Inequality; low risk; Health Service; human traffic; forced marriage; Displaced Population; host population; health needs; international ngos; state authority; focus group; adolescent girl; voucher program; household head; humanitarian support; land restitution; refugee household; Mental health; rural area; financial barrier; food insecurity; full participation; peace agreement; economic hardship; financial stress; property ownership; Social Mobility; panel data; legal counsel; essential services; job training; gender norm; discriminatory barriers; low employment; long-term investment; employment situation; working age; Labor Law; employment opportunities; support network; low wage; new job; leadership training; legal protection; political will; political tension; resource constraint; generally well; Research Support; empirical work; female victim; sexual slavery; disability status; media coverage; livelihood support; healthcare services; inheritance right; property right; resettlement process; traditional authority; international support; domestic institution; basic necessity; differential impact; beneficiary group; analytical tool; government response; socioeconomic impact; site selection; direct beneficiaries; track category; health facility; Labor Market; local network; other asset; Learning and Innovation Credit; livelihood opportunity; social cohesion; poor hygiene; public latrine; essential facility; sanitation facility; health issue; health care facilities; pregnant woman; no access; reproductive age; menstrual hygiene; Antenatal Care; building knowledge; local woman; inadequate fund; traffic risk; mitigation measure; field workers; municipal staff; school attendance; financial cost; ongoing conflicts; gender disparity; public education; young woman; educational outcome; drop out; female teacher; education opportunity; global estimate; education facility; displacement camp; major depression; living condition; psychological effect; menstrual health; psychosocial care; household resource; gender difference; household consumption; ethnic violence; rebel group; civil conflict; traditional tax; Informal Economy; humanitarian work



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Klugman,Jeni Ortiz,Elena Judith

Key Development Challenges Around Internal Displacement : A Gender Perspective (English). Gender Dimensions of Forced Displacement Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.