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Intent to Implementation : Summary of Lessons from Tracking India’s Social Protection Response to COVID-19 (English)

This paper is part of the World Bank’s efforts to measure and monitor results for its Development Policy Operation to strengthen India’s social protection architecture. It presents a stock-taking of India’s social safety net response to COVID-19 (coronavirus). The analysis aims to identify how government efforts to provide relief to poor and vulnerable households have fared between April and August 2020. The paper provides stylized facts on coverage and targeting of welfare measures under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY) for individual states and at the national level. This analysis relies on a nationally representative household survey on social protection, conducted in partnership with the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE). The current analysis focus on two important parameters: (i) coverage (what percentage of the population received benefits from the scheme) and (ii) targeting (whether the scheme benefitted the poorest and vulnerable households). Additional analysis on the modes of the social protection delivery mechanisms and benefit delivery standards is likely to be available by next quarter in 2021.


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    Bhattacharya,Shrayana, Sinha Roy,Sutirtha

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    South Asia,

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  • Doc Name

    Intent to Implementation : Summary of Lessons from Tracking India’s Social Protection Response to COVID-19

  • Keywords

    Social Protection; Cash Transfer; poor household; access to social protection; access to private insurance; cash benefit; cash transfer program; social protection system; labour force survey; social insurance scheme; women headed household; social insurance fund; Social Protection Benefits; payments for insurance; identification of beneficiary; cash transfer scheme; female literacy rate; data collection process; food subsidy program; national food security; local government participation; social security benefit; social protection program; nutrition and education; national policy; share price; social protection initiative; urban poor; cash program; female head; urban household; food transfer; household access; natural disaster; rural area; social registries; job loss; vulnerable household; urban sample; survey results; provident fund; consumption expenditure; sick leave; institutional framework; household food; chronically poor; global experience; delivery standard; social pension; enrollment rate; additional pension; food assistance; emergency relief; expenditure survey; urban worker; payment platform; representative household; wealth distribution; formal employment; vulnerable worker; welfare measure; urban system; accountability framework; rural flood; consumption distribution; cluster survey; digital id; consumption aggregate; financial crisis; absolute poverty; welfare aggregate; household expenditure; timely payment; monthly installment; social worker; local state; survey design; rural food; urban location; poverty impact; adequate insurance; Emerging economies; emerging economy; first wave; migrant worker; income information; subsequent phase; contributory insurance; good bank; poverty status; decentralized system; social assistance; food delivery; consumption datum; consumption basket; local bank; collected information; high vulnerability; government effort; vulnerable segment; employment program; Job Creation; broad access; economic recovery; delivery mechanism; recent change; national scheme; beneficiary bank; phone number; urbanization level; transfer beneficiary; government administrative; per household; individual need; governance framework; first stage; target health; household structure; sampling units; risk profile; low-wage worker; privacy violation; household survey; transfer benefit; gas cylinder; enrollment system; food ration; employment reform; government body; cash receipt; middle class; productive workforce; administrative datum; baseline survey; food benefits; work force



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Bhattacharya,Shrayana Sinha Roy,Sutirtha

Intent to Implementation : Summary of Lessons from Tracking India’s Social Protection Response to COVID-19 (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.