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Conflict and reconstruction : roles for the World Bank (English)

For only the first few years after the establishment of the World Bank, the institution's lending and analytic activities concentrated on post Second World War reconstruction rather than development. After several decades of dedication to development, reconstruction after conflict or state collapse has reemerged as an important area of Bank operations. In recent years a growing number of states have experienced erosion or collapse of governance, extended civil war, even genocide. These societies face problems of rehabilitation and reconstruction far more complex than repair and replacement of physical capital. The crises they produce create humanitarian disasters that often spill over into neighboring states, undo years of investment, send countries into arrears, destroy infrastructure (including some previously financed by the Bank), and later in the reconstruction period claim large international assistance. To promote implementation of this policy the Bank should establish a special unit devoted to the problems of failing states and post conflict recovery. The unit would undertake analysis, information gathering, staff orientation, project support, and coordination with other agencies. It would undertake to clarify, evaluate, and assist in the development of an expanded and regularized Bank role with respect to failing, failed, or recovering states. This study attempts to cull from 13 country experiences, ranging from some that have been undergoing reconstruction for some years already, to others barely emergent from destructive crisis (Angola, Mozambique), to others still in the midst of civil deterioration (Burundi, Sierra Leone). Given the brief time available for its preparation, the study should be read as a prologue to further in-depth examination of the various problems faced in these and other countries and the implications for the Bank's new reconstruction role.


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    Muscat, Robert J.

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    Working Paper

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    The World Region,

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    Conflict and reconstruction : roles for the World Bank

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    transition from war to peace;Levels of Educational Attainment;Violations of Human Rights;social and economic recovery;large numbers of refugees;division of labor;political science literature;population at risk;natural disaster reconstruction;repatriation of refugee;alleviation of suffering;international community;education and health;code of conduct;local capacity building;level of governance;sources of fund;economic development planning;human rights monitoring;victims of violence;misallocation of resources;rehabilitation of facility;economic sector work;rates of return;public sector reform;economic policy reform;central government agency;transfer power;international development institution;resettlement of refugees;emergency food aid;provision of education;civil society institution;Internally Displaced People;flow of refugees;sequence of events;social action fund;human capital loss;mental health problem;public sector employment;procurement and disbursement;civil society network;dispute settlement mechanism;severe political crisis;natural disaster situation;central government authority;economic policy agenda;private foreign investment;Civil Service Reform;basin development program;sustainability of development;transparency in governance;speed of recovery;Postconflict Reconstruction;Conflict Resolution;comparative advantage;state failure;social capital;political stability;state collapse;early warning;Refugee Resettlement;conflict situation;internal conflict;property right;humanitarian emergency;emergency relief;policy package;unintended consequence;stabilization program;international agency;affected population;humanitarian crisis;refugee repatriation;Conflict Prevention;Civil War;Borrowing Countries;social consensus;foreign exchange;institution building;advanced degree;learning process;social tension;local policy;public affair;stable polity;budget allocation;negative effect;civil strife;regional conflict;ongoing conflicts;external power;overseas training;external resource;governance capacity;refugee flows;international interest;large debt;humanitarian aid;effective strategy;standard economic;response capability;conflict states;present study;external assistance;Population Displacement;reform package;Social Sciences;tax incentive;refugee population;political consequence;ethnic politics;investment law;displaced person;policy stance;refugee camp;command economy;humanitarian need;research program;foreign advisers;university graduate;emergency need;investment planning;Labor Market;military presence;difficult environment;strategic objective;political framework;government capacity;aid allocation;flight capital;foreign asset;policy outcome;political environment;private trade;banking system;domestic investor;conflict mediation;interdisciplinary research;allocation pattern;economic efficiency;donor support;empirical research;financial problem;local contractor;short-term training;full membership;extensive study;student unrest;local group;geographic area;rural resettlement;external force;settlement program;non-governmental organization;Displaced Population;physical harm;interactive learning;price policy;political outcome;political power;financial resource;local culture;social interaction;donor pledge;rehabilitation need;ethnic exclusion;good policy;financial system;agricultural service;top universities;absorptive capacity;administrative arrangement;government view;ethnic problems;organizational structure;irrigation facility;legal considerations;efficient coordination;ethnic dimension;highway rehabilitation;public debate;disaster professional;management capability;foreign research;permanent settlement;international standard;overseas employment;data bank;preparatory work;aid flow;management skill;restructuring program;government obligation;sale proceeds;project approval;external aid;research institutions;rehabilitation plan;Exit Strategy;social condition;reconstruction fund;outstanding loan;private investment;physical damage



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Muscat, Robert J.

Conflict and reconstruction : roles for the World Bank (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.