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Rapid Damage, Loss and Needs Assessment of Winter Storm Alexa : A report by the Palestinian Authority (English)

Winter storm Alexa, which hit the West Bank and Gaza from December 11 to 14, 2013, was one of the strongest storms to arrive in five decades. Coordination during the emergency highlighted the inadequacy of the region's disaster preparedness plans - neither the West Bank nor Gaza had a disaster risk management (DRM) framework or policies in place. The report lays the groundwork for implementing a longer-term DRM framework within the West Bank and Gaza, and for international partners' assistance in doing so. It estimates the physical damages and economic losses in the water and sanitation, transport, energy, housing, and agriculture sectors because they endured most of the storm's impacts. Furthermore, the report explores ways to strengthen emergency management capacity, improve coordination between central and local governments, and establish a decentralized decision-support system. One of the major findings of the report was that agriculture and livestock was the most affected sector, accounting for 65 percent of the total damages and losses. Given the increased frequency of extreme weather events, and the increased economy shocks that follows, the assessment strongly recommends developing and adopting a DRM policy, which would comprise of both a legal framework and risk reduction activities across sectors. The assessment is organized into four sections: (i) an introduction that includes an overview of disaster facts and an assessment methodology; (ii) economic and social impacts; (iii) damage and losses and impact on human development, broken down into sectors; and (iv) recovery and needs, broken down into sectors. There are also two appendixes, one on "Participants in the Rapid Assessment," and the other on "Existing DRM Initiatives in West Bank and Gaza." Included are also maps, photographs from a spacecraft, tables, and charts.


  • Author

    Abu-Hassanein,Zeyad, Abumiddain, Rima, Erekat,Dana Mohamed, Linares-Rivas Barandiaran,Alejandra, Nofal, Alaa, Phillipp, Bjorn, Zanon,Andrea

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    Working Paper

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  • Country

    West Bank and Gaza,

  • Region

    Middle East and North Africa,

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  • Doc Name

    Rapid Damage, Loss and Needs Assessment of Winter Storm Alexa : A report by the Palestinian Authority

  • Keywords

    liters per capita per day;water supply and sanitation sector;small and medium enterprise;Damage and Loss Assessment;atmospheric pressure;access to basic service;operation of water supply;extensive loss of livestock;water and sanitation system;agriculture and livestock;extreme weather event;Disaster Risk Reduction;Global Warming;disaster risk management;balance of payment;average annual precipitation;average unemployment rate;increase in inflation;sewage pumping station;private sector activity;sewage treatment facility;long term risk;world food programme;provision water;provision of water;shortage of supply;double circuit line;road network planning;minister of state;early warning system;component of investment;rate for water;poor road condition;degree of confidence;annual average precipitation;economic growth rate;water supply service;movement of people;access to water;rapid assessment;natural hazard;storm water;flash flood;agriculture sector;winter storm;total damages;macroeconomic impact;Electricity;Energy Sector;physical damage;heavy rainfall;quantitative data;cold wave;distribution line;food distribution;herding community;rescue operation;physical asset;sectoral teams;international partners;affected population;baseline data;heavy snowfall;national account;transportation sector;emergency management;temporary shelter;water well;emergency response;damage assessment;development partner;donor aid;technical expert;water utilities;water utility;power outage;electricity network;access road;medium voltage;aggregate demand;energy access;distribution network;peak demand;electricity crisis;daily life;environmental disaster;large damage;scarce resource;intensive rains;electrical power;electrical load;high pressure;administrative procedure;generation capacity;net effect;food price;groundwater reserve;price level;price change;business loss;Water Demand;severe weather;Road Accidents;significant loss;financial stress;fee collection;Sanitation Services;residential area;limited capacity;drainage system;water infrastructure;water service;Water Services;widespread poverty;traffic bottleneck;road pavement;severe shortage;regional road;transportation infrastructure;electricity import;fuel supply;external shock;civil society;field visits;vulnerable household;qualitative data;affected communities;refugee camp;adequate power;assessment methodology;durable asset;replacement value;social activities;donor investment;economic recovery;wash water;financial resource;household income;vulnerability assessment;political context;political development;flood area;individual area;gas leakage;geographic location;emergency food;wheat flour;vegetable oil;food product;road service;peak discharge;agricultural loss;historical data;severe recession;rainfall variability;emergency operation;oversight committee;snow storm;Water Shortage;productive activity;financial requirement;quality improvement;adverse events;sectoral assessment;plant production;storm damage;agricultural land;donor support;seismic activity;production shortfall;southern europe;demographic growth;rural area;governmental power;fishing port;unemployment increase;road structure;snow accumulation;heavy flood;resilient infrastructure;storage system;water meter;energy market;energy supplies;oil product;storm conditions;international policy;disposable income;snow cover;tradable sector;fiscal management;political stability;security matter;security control;land allocation;disaster recovery;adjacent areas;civil administration;guiding principles;legal framework;infrastructure necessary;medical service;preparedness capacity;data sharing;hazard risk;electricity sector;agricultural yield;poultry price;water resource;vulnerable infrastructure;international community;reduction measure;business sector;hot spot;treatment plant;sectoral priority;recovery process;consumer price;nitrate concentrations;treatment facilities;prices increase;wastewater facility;international donor;treated sewage;fiscal stress;water quality



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Abu-Hassanein,Zeyad Abumiddain, Rima Erekat,Dana Mohamed Linares-Rivas Barandiaran,Alejandra Nofal, Alaa Phillipp, Bjorn Zanon,Andrea

Rapid Damage, Loss and Needs Assessment of Winter Storm Alexa : A report by the Palestinian Authority (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.