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World development report 1980 (English)

This third World Development Report is published at a time of difficulty and uncertainty for the world economy, particularly for the developing coutnries. Developing countries start the decade facing two major challenges: to continue the social and economic progress of the past 30 years in an international climate that looks less helpful; and to tackle the plight of the 800 million people living in absolute poverty, who have benefitted too little from past progress. This report examines some of the difficulties and prospects in both areas. One of its central themes is the importance of people in development. The first part of the report addresses the expected sluggish world economic growth as oil-importing countries reduce their current account deficits and adapt to higher energy costs. Domestic policies of developing countries will be crucial, and the fate of poor people in these countries will be decided largely by domestic opportunities and policies. The second part of the report describes the role of human development programs (in education, health, nutrition, and fertility reduction) and their related effects on productivity and population growth.


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    World Bank

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    World Development Report

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    The World Region,

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    World development report 1980

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    rates of return to education;terms of trade shift;real price of energy;determinants of economic growth;current account deficit;oil importer;savings and investment;industrialized country;Industrialized countries;high oil price;price of oil;primary energy supply;oil exporter;export of goods;primary energy production;cost of capital;cost of import;cost of energy;multilateral trade negotiation;economic growth rate;expansion of export;resurgence of inflation;public education spending;net energy exporter;world trade growth;dimensions of poverty;centrally planned economy;poverty does;primary school enrollment;international bond issue;exporting developing countries;oil export earnings;primary school-age child;average life expectancy;death by age;income developing country;barrel of oil;gains and losses;net energy import;capital flow;Learning and Innovation Credit;merchandise export;energy price;statistical appendix;net import;surplus oil;richer countries;constant price;long-term capital;import growth;borrowed fund;foreign capital;import capacity;high energy;merchandise trade;oil producer;domestic investment;net oil;world exports;direct investment;long-term growth;world economy;Public Services;world economic;political difficulty;oil revenue;trade price;industrialized economy;absolute poverty;adjustment process;private finance;cost of energy production;consumption growth;adjustment period;saving rate;extension service;investment rate;human factor;country importers;Oil Income;bilateral aid;real value;project selection;net private;foreign development;import volume;export volume;producer price;payment deficit;policy prescriptions;energy need;successful aid;political instability;manufactured goods;International Trade;fertilizer production;imported oil;net export;commercial term;capital inflow;Capital Inflows;short-term debt;high debt;oil countries;policy tradeoff;employment creation;land reform;nutrition policy;financial system;output growth;commercial bank;external borrowing;aid flow;multilateral institution;agricultural population;dependency ratio;public expenditure;european community;external payment;world energy;international finance;import good;Higher Education;industrial economy;payment imbalances;heavy investment;poverty alleviation;temporary slowdown;petroleum price;Population Projection;contraceptive technology;barefoot doctor;private cost;Women's Education;product category;oral rehydration;national income;national poverty;population distribution;enrollment ratio;Death rates;export prospects;national economy;regional growth;living standard;financial constraint;export growth;debt-service ratio;commercial energy;political support;foreign exchange;military spending;farmer education;inefficient industries;deflationary measure;debt-service obligation;urban consumer;migrant remittance;Labor Market;urban agricultural policy;depressing effect;



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World Bank

World development report 1980 (English). World Development Report,World Development Indicators Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.