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IDA20 Special Theme : Human Capital (English)

The COVID-19 pandemic has unleashed a global health emergency and an economic crisis of historic magnitude, with severe consequences for hard-won human capital gains and progress on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Health care services are overwhelmed. Disruptions in essential services, including life-saving immunizations for children and access to essential primary health care, have severe consequences for under-5 and maternal mortality, unwanted pregnancies, and people’s exposure to diseases. The United Nations has estimated that there will be 130 million more malnourished children. School closures are causing learning poverty to rise from 83 percent to more than 90 percent in IDA countries. These consequences threaten to reverse a decade of progress in human capital accumulation. If left unaddressed, these effects, combined with prolonged unemployment and underemployment among youth and working-age adults, may leave a devastating impact on the future productivity and earnings of a whole generation.


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    The World Region,

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    IDA20 Special Theme : Human Capital

  • Keywords

    human capital; access to primary health care; universal access to health care; gender and development; Social Protection and Labor Systems; person with disability; Reproductive and Maternal Health; client needs; investment need; multilateral development bank; access to tertiary education; material need; primary health care system; access to the internet; social service delivery system; Climate Adaptation and Mitigation; social safety net program; Technical and Vocational Education; access to essential service; Maternal and Child Mortality; Food Security and Nutrition; conflict and violence; health systems; human capital investment; social protection system; Gender-Based Violence; human capital accumulation; pandemic preparedness; human capital outcomes; availability of resource; fragile and conflict; Social Safety Nets; disease surveillance system; human capital loss; million people; response to emergency; universal social protection; health care service; essential health services; treatment and care; governance and institutions; risk of exclusion; world war ii; risk of disease; international financial support; stages of life; generation of children; human capital development; high productivity growth; rise in mortality; years of schooling; child with disability; reproductive health service; education service delivery; food supply chain; human capital endowment; risk mitigation mechanism; early intervention services; cash transfer program; investment in children; level of support; personal protective equipment; primary health service; pandemic preparedness plan; investments in infrastructure; Value for Money; essential health care; low birthweight; access to child; lack of gender; production of vaccine; decline in poverty; Internally Displaced People; supply chain management; quality of care; opportunities for human; efficiency of expenditure; access to vaccine; Early Childhood Development; improved service delivery; accelerated economic growth; access to job; effective service delivery; skill training programs; early childhood program; maternal health service; health and nutrition; social policy; social policies; quality of governance; domestic revenue mobilization; integration of technology; Crisis Preparedness; nutrition service; informal worker; women's empowerment; Infectious Disease; vulnerable individual; income loss; core service; zoonotic disease; extreme poverty; in school; reading material; future productivity; literacy policy; demographic dividend; food insecurity; global health; Basic Education; early stimulation; poverty alleviation; formative years; equitable access; school closure; in preschool; digital technology; health security; Learning and Innovation Credit; Mental health; fiscal space; Demographic Transition; dropout rate; working-age population; vulnerable population; digital device; Public Services; health outcome; severe consequence; outcome indicator; poor health; public finance; ecosystem health; digital development; measurement system; lesson plan; literacy instruction; first year; Labor Market; informal sector; social registries; disease outbreak; health shock; learning process; cold chain; child back



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IDA20 Special Theme : Human Capital (English). IDA20 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.