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Case Study on Territorial Development in Japan (English)

Word War second left Japan crippled, affecting its economy, governance, demography, settlements, social well-being, and others. However, Japan used this as an opportunity to restructure itself to become a progressive, balanced, and well-rounded country. Spatial or territorial development is critical to national economic transformation. It is supported by and simultaneously impacts economic, social, demographic, institutional, and administrative reforms. Based on lessons from a wide range of international experiences, three key agendas arise as key to effective territorial development: (a) concentration: create generic capital for an uncertain future economy, (b) connectivity: connect markets nationally and internationally, and (c) convergence: ensure decent living standards everywhere. Japan has followed a virtuous path of quite intense concentration, with early investment in strong connectivity between places, and in high living standards and human capital investments everywhere. At present, Japan is entering an era of substantial decline and aging of the population, which requires reexamining of all the plans and policies for reconstructing the society. Looking forward, Japan’s declining, and aging population, in fact raises the importance of allowing concentration in a few dynamic, high-amenity, places that can be serviced efficiently, rather than trying to spread a dwindling population across the country.


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    Jain,Vibhu, Arai,Yuko

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    Working Paper (Numbered Series)

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    The World Region,

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    Case Study on Territorial Development in Japan

  • Keywords

    technology industrial; large metropolitan areas; territorial development; total number of people; high quality of life; rural area; economic growth rate; rapid economic expansion; human capital investment; annual economic growth; standard of living; growth pole strategy; living standard; Local Economic Development; location of industry; regional income disparity; regional development plans; change in population; number of residents; transfer of technology; industry and trade; convenience for citizens; average life expectancy; development of settlements; economic structural reform; regional income inequality; women in society; concentration of population; growth and development; privileges and immunity; foreign born population; construction of infrastructure; urban land use; investment in stock; rapid population growth; per capita income; map case; information and communication; infrastructure and services; difference in income; institutional framework; metropolitan region; settlement pattern; aging population; natural environment; balanced development; demographic change; Real estate; national population; public corporation; stable growth; industrial zone; land development; industrial location; land administration; land price; negative externality; Economic Policy; tax break; spatial development; bullet train; oil crisis; demographic development; underdeveloped area; national territory; industrial product; population rising; expressway network; economic recovery; industrial infrastructure; transportation network; regional disparity; living condition; labor policy; Labor Policies; global chain; younger generation; efficient investment; population dynamic; financial reform; Urban Infrastructure; old-age dependency; international center; railway line; industrial capital; industrial center; global market; regional city; aging society; Financial Sector; efficient production; national economy; urban region; factor market; economic efficiency; information center; natural phenomenon; employment system; international exchange; foreign labor; nature use; historic property; industrial park; project construction; tax incentive; international systems; opposition party; tourism recreation; limited resources; sales revenue; mountain area; irrigation district; environmental pollution; highway network; residential environment; medical facility; human habitation; Equal Opportunity; income growth; population migration; regional population; population census; industrial relocation; manufacturing sector; rural income; transport network; baby boomer; Global Warming; remote area; social infrastructure; high concentration; political pressure; support measure; wealth inequality; Public Infrastructure; industrial basis; capital gain; driving force; interactive network; transport investment; global network; interregional cooperation; urban problem; traffic service; dignified life; industrial complex; regional competition; national railway; national boundary; legal action; local industrial; spatial policy; coastal area; local industry; industrial site; agglomeration economy; business park; communications system; demographic factor; working-age population; fertility rate; economic geography; financial service; administrative policy; Industrial Policy; legal regulation; budgetary provision; regional inequality; rapid transport; tax revenue; Industrial Policies; small cities; social capital; administrative function; disaster preparedness; cost burden; industrial manufacturing; information service; legal entity; legal entities; management function; project plan; exchange network; cultural activities; knowledge exchange; research institute; subway system; rural region; low disparity; urban service; equal access; wide angles; rapid acceleration; national policy; Capital Investments; technological innovation; trading pattern; Natural Resources; education level; college entrance; steep decline; consumer durable; socioeconomic aspects; fiscal burden



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Jain,Vibhu Arai,Yuko

Case Study on Territorial Development in Japan (English). Tokyo Development Learning Center Policy Paper Series,no. 2 Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.