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Sustainable settlement in the Brazilian Amazon (English)

This book is about small farmers in the Brazilian Amazon and how to raise their incomes while reducing resource degradation. The starting point of the book is the observation that whereas those farmers who deforested the Amazon during the 1970s and 1980s had migrated there from outside the basin, most of the small farmers deforesters of today have apparently come from within the region. Hence the greatest threat from small farmers to the Amazon forest is coming from intraregional migration. The issue is thus no longer how to prevent migration to the Amazon from the rest of the country but how to ensure that farmers already in the Amazon stay where they have already deforested, thus reducing migration and deforestation farther inland. The main argument in the book is that intraregional migration can be stemmed only by establishing sustainable farming in already deforested areas. Such sustainability would not likely attract intraregional migrants because of irreversible changes that occurred during the 1980s in Brazil's population and economy. Chapter 2 of this book reviews the population shifts in the Amazon during the 1980s and chapter 3 the economic shifts during the same period. Chapter 4 discusses land markets and sustainable frontier farming. Chapter 5 assesses the productive and speculative deforestation by frontier small farmers. Finally, chapter 6 addresses the policy implications, including the institutional improvements forsustainable settlement in the Amazon.




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Ozorio de Almeida, Anna Luiza Campari, Joao S.

Sustainable settlement in the Brazilian Amazon (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.