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World development report 2006 : equity and development (English)

World Development Report 2006 analyzes the relationship between equity and development. The report documents the persistence of inequality traps by highlighting the interaction between different forms of inequality. It presents evidence that the inequality of opportunity that arises is wasteful and inimical to sustainable development and poverty reduction. It also derives policy implications that center on the broad concept of leveling the playing field-both politically and economically and in the domestic and the global arenas. The report recognizes the intrinsic value of equity but aims primarily to document how a focus on equity matters for long-run development. It has three parts: Part I considers the evidence on inequality of opportunity, within and across countries. Part II asks why equity matters, discussing the two channels of impact (the effects of unequal opportunities when markets are imperfect, and the consequences of inequity for the quality of institutions a society develops) as well as intrinsic motives. Part III asks how public action can level the political and economic playing fields. In the domestic arena, it makes the case for investing in people, expanding access to justice, land, and infrastructure, and promoting fairness in markets. In the international arena, it considers leveling the playing field in the functioning of global markets and the rules that govern them-and the complementary provision of aid to help poor countries and poor people build greater endowments.

Details

  • Author

    Manuelyan Atinc,Tamar, Banerjee,Abhijit, Ferreira,Francisco H. G., Lanjouw,Peter F., Menendez,Marta, Ozler,Berk, Prennushi,Giovanna, Rao,Vijayendra, Robinson, James, Walton, Michael, Woolcock,Michael

  • Document Date

    2005/09/19

  • Document Type

    World Development Report

  • Report Number

    32204

  • Volume No

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • Country

    World,

  • Region

    The World Region,

  • Disclosure Date

    2005/09/20

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Doc Name

    World development report 2006 : equity and development

  • Keywords

    years of schooling;life expectancy at birth;people and ethnic minority;millennium development goal;inefficient allocation of resource;inequality of opportunity;unequal opportunity;distribution of wealth;employment protection legislation;immunization of child;education and health;returns to capital;global inequality;access to schooling;society must;exercise of power;design of policy;economic growth rate;rise in mortality;equitable justice system;inequalities in outcome;child cognitive development;security of tenure;capacity of individual;inequality in health;inequity within country;income and expenditure;country of birth;inequalities of power;inequality in education;access to infrastructure;children without access;allocation of investment;social protection program;patterns of domination;inequality in income;Early Childhood Development;gross national income;expansion of access;public works program;market for credit;early child development;foreign direct investment;inequality between country;Human Immunodeficiency Virus;value added tax;equity in access;place of residence;gnp per capita;education for all;concern for equity;unequal power structure;labor market reform;inequalities in opportunity;infant mortality rate;process of development;decomposition of inequality;grounds of gender;concepts of inequality;inequalities in power;employment and unemployment;secure property right;improved working condition;work long hour;early childhood intervention;political inequality;public action;inequality trap;inequality decline;between-group inequality;aids crisis;vocabulary recognition;income inequality;parental education;world development;household head;political power;Economic Inequality;social group;childhood immunization;political institution;piece rate;geographic location;life chances;Public Services;absolute poverty;political opportunity;disadvantaged child;total inequality;global inequity;equity lens;land owner;intrinsic value;social assistance;global market;Basic Education;human capital;affirmative action;development policy;economic efficiency;international arena;long-term growth;economic institution;education level;human potential;political influence;income shock;wage differential;school fee;financial policies;Social Conflict;development path;annual series;Social Welfare;Informal Economy;land productivity;consumption inequality;clear title;Land Ownership;targeting performance;rental market;productivity differences;potential output;farm size;political dimensions;investment climate;opportunity set;output tax;infrastructure privatization;advanced country;equitable institution;individual freedom;income redistribution;intimate partner;productivity growth;Sexual Violence;banking crisis;historical evidence;fiscal cost;political conflict;multilateral institution;cross-country data;default risk;investment opportunities;Learning and Innovation Credit;tax rate;asymmetric information;average citizen;child's age;human capacity;applicable law;persistent inequality;nutritional risk;loan size;plantation agriculture;public health;health population;global spread;global scale;mining country;african americans;free labor;land market;international norm;conflict management;experimental treatment;historical process;imperfect market;global income;primary focus;comparative advantage;political context;unfair process;primary concern;transfer scheme;schooling level;ethical teaching;human rights;accountability mechanism;informal sector;monetary incentive;dominant group;Economic Policy;government spending;regional inequality;global equity;budgetary allocation;public awareness;inequitable institution;political process;wealth distribution;social inequality;product market;global governance;financial market;political change;health equity;legal literacy;rural location;urban policy;background variable;standard deviation;central planning;income grouping;middle-income economy;college education;test score;rural area;agricultural production;weighted average

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Citation

Manuelyan Atinc,Tamar Banerjee,Abhijit Ferreira,Francisco H. G. Lanjouw,Peter F. Menendez,Marta Ozler,Berk Prennushi,Giovanna Rao,Vijayendra Robinson, James Walton, Michael Woolcock,Michael

World development report 2006 : equity and development (English). World development report Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/435331468127174418/World-development-report-2006-equity-and-development