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Myanmar - Country Environmental Analysis : A Road towards Sustainability, Peace, and Prosperity (Vol. 2) : Executive Summary (Burmese)

Myanmar is rich in natural resources and is a global biodiversity hotspot. Myanmar's forests and fishing industry are two significant contributors to the economy, and yet these sectors are also potentially under threat from over exploitation and mismanagement. The management of solid waste, air pollution, and the use of plastics provides another growing challenge. In addition, the role of government and other stakeholders in the management of these sectors and issues is central to whether the government will succeed in reversing the current trends and be able to find a long-term sustainable solution to the problem. This report explores the issues and challenges faced and the legal and institutional context. Through a lens of poverty reduction, social inclusion and participation, and economic growth, the report tells a story of an urgent need for institutional support and reform, improvements in the enforcement against illegal extraction of resources, behavior change in all relevant stakeholders, institutional capacity building, increased funding, and improvements in data collection and analysis. If these recommendations are acted on, then Myanmar can reverse the negative trends and lead its environment on a path toward a more sustainable future.


  • Author

    Fodor,Martin, Ling,Stephen

  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Executive Summary

  • Keywords

    Environment and Natural Resources; Fisheries; environment and natural resources management; Solid Waste Management; small and medium enterprise; aquaculture production; National League for Democracy; access to formal credit; ambient air quality monitoring; air quality monitoring network; Management of Natural Resources; impact of climate change; data collection and analysis; vulnerability to climate change; marine fish stock; solid waste collection; fisheries and aquaculture; legal framework; fishery sector; rural area; marine fishery; rapid economic development; Air Quality Management; renewable natural resource; environmental health issues; community forestry; forestry sector; fishery management; social inclusion; natural disaster; Environmental Assessment; institutional capacity building; environmentally sound waste management; air quality target; investments in education; solid waste investment; Water Resource Management; impacts of infrastructure; customary tenure systems; production and export; long-term sustainable development; chain of custody; management of forest; global biodiversity hotspots; national environmental management; gross domestic product; freshwater fish specie; air pollution emission; deterioration of water; management of water; vessel monitoring system; social and environmental; provision of equipment; initial environmental examination; Environmental Management Plan; response to complaints; global positioning system; contribution to production; consumer price index; civil society engagement; private sector partnership; waste collection service; Natural Resource Wealth; damage from flood; abundant natural resource; coastal resource management; geographic information system; water resource policy; coral reef ecosystem; source of income; source income; Natural Resource Management; natural resource use; ecosystem service; freshwater fishery; forest restoration; stock assessment; land area; natural asset; intact forest; road map; environmental sustainability; community engagement; wood fuel; energy source; subnational levels; local conflict; secure tenure; formal economy; financial sustainability; fishery governance; market access; natural wealth; forest sector; enabling environment; inshore fishery; economic sector; forest stock; delivery mechanism; skill development; technological support; fishing community; air monitoring; fishery law; coastal area; Forest Management; environmental inspection; protected area; financial mechanism; peace process



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Fodor,Martin Ling,Stephen

Myanmar - Country Environmental Analysis : A Road towards Sustainability, Peace, and Prosperity (Vol. 2) : Executive Summary (Burmese). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.