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COVID-19 and Children’s School Resilience : Evidence from Nigeria (English)

This paper analyzes the impact of COVID-19 lockdown measures on children's school resilience. Using an individual fixed-effect linear probability model on Nigeria data, it exploits the quasi-randomness of these measures to estimate their effect on school attendance after the lockdown was lifted. The results show that COVID-19 lockdown measures reduced children's probability of attending school after the school system reopened. This negative impact increased with children's age, reaching a peak among those whose education was no longer compulsory. For schoolchildren in that age group, the negative effect of COVID-19 lockdown measures is likely to be permanent, which, if not reversed, will undermine the quality of the economy-wide future labor force. The paper also finds evidence that in the child marriage-prone North-West part of Nigeria that these measures increased gender inequality in education among children aged 12 to 18. This result suggests that COVID-19 lockdown measures may exacerbate harmful traditional practices such as child marriage.

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Citation

Dessy,Sylvain Eloi Gninafon,Horace Mahugnon Akim Tiberti,Luca Tiberti,Marco

COVID-19 and Children’s School Resilience : Evidence from Nigeria (English). Policy Research working paper,no. WPS 9736,COVID-19 (Coronavirus),LSMS Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/458201627312906369/COVID-19-and-Children-s-School-Resilience-Evidence-from-Nigeria