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Myanmar - Country Environmental Analysis : A Road towards Sustainability, Peace, and Prosperity : Synthesis Report (English)

Myanmar is rich in natural resources and is a global biodiversity hotspot. Myanmar's forests and fishing industry are two significant contributors to the economy, and yet these sectors are also potentially under threat from over exploitation and mismanagement. The management of solid waste, air pollution, and the use of plastics provides another growing challenge. In addition, the role of government and other stakeholders in the management of these sectors and issues is central to whether the government will succeed in reversing the current trends and be able to find a long-term sustainable solution to the problem. This report explores the issues and challenges faced and the legal and institutional context. Through a lens of poverty reduction, social inclusion and participation, and economic growth, the report tells a story of an urgent need for institutional support and reform, improvements in the enforcement against illegal extraction of resources, behavior change in all relevant stakeholders, institutional capacity building, increased funding, and improvements in data collection and analysis. If these recommendations are acted on, then Myanmar can reverse the negative trends and lead its environment on a path toward a more sustainable future.


  • Author

    Fodor,Martin, Ling,Stephen

  • Document Date


  • Document Type

    Working Paper

  • Report Number


  • Volume No


  • Total Volume(s)


  • Country


  • Region

    East Asia and Pacific,

  • Disclosure Date


  • Disclosure Status


  • Doc Name

    Synthesis Report

  • Keywords

    small and medium enterprise; environment and natural resources management; Solid Waste Management; impact of climate change; flora and fauna; data collection and analysis; vulnerability to climate change; Management of Natural Resources; access to formal credit; air quality monitoring network; danish international development; ambient air quality monitoring; Fisheries; marine fish stock; fisheries and aquaculture; solid waste collection; Air Quality Management; gross domestic product; global positioning system; geographic information system; rapid economic development; environmental health issues; fishery sector; aquaculture production; legal framework; intact forest; distribution of land; air quality target; environmentally sound waste management; initial environmental examination; coral reef ecosystem; Environmental Management Plan; water resource policy; coastal resource management; marine fishery production; Natural Resource Management; air pollution emission; source income; source of income; production and export; chain of custody; provision of equipment; abundant natural resource; freshwater fish specie; Natural Resource Wealth; deterioration of water; customary tenure systems; management of forest; response to complaints; natural resource use; consumer price index; global biodiversity hotspots; civil society engagement; damage from flood; private sector partnership; long-term sustainable development; management of water; contribution to production; social and environmental; impacts of infrastructure; institutional capacity building; solid waste investment; vessel monitoring system; renewable natural resource; waste collection service; rural area; forestry sector; institutional framework; natural disaster; Environmental Assessment; ecosystem service; freshwater fishery; fishery management; stock assessment; land area; road map; community forestry; community engagement; skill development; enabling environment; fishing community; wood fuel; financial sustainability; peace process; environmental inspection; economic sector; protected area; inshore fishery; subnational levels; local conflict; wood product; formal economy; air monitoring; energy source; forest stock; delivery mechanism; fishery law; natural wealth; financial mechanism; secure tenure; technological support; forest restoration; pollution control; coastal area; natural asset; market access; social inclusion; environmental sustainability; Forest Management; fishery governance; poverty headcount; bioeconomic model; headcount poverty; fish exports; basic infrastructure; wage earnings; export earnings; dry season; dollar value; ballpark estimate; yield increase; coastal ecosystem; legal reform; Exchange Rates; diagnostic services; source of food; Loss Event; high employment; community capacity; illegal timber; subsistence fishing; research vessel; fishery employment; affordable credit; stream flow; forest product; equitable distribution; national employment; operational expenditure; fishing license; traditional timber; environmental service; community livelihoods; holistic approach; environmental pressure; amortization cost; business opportunity; disposal facility; private capital; environmental control; forest communities; waste generation; private forest; high particulate; reserved forest; forest reform; export ban; illegal logging; democratic transition; open burn; rural income; deforested land; public forest; vulnerable communities; clean environment; strategic areas; national strategy; effective systems; exhaustible resource; sediment retention; ethnic group; fuel substitution; trade route; significant factor; national grid; international company; flood control; Technology Transfer; sustainable practices; natural capital; outgrower scheme; opportunity cost; scientific data; research data; natural ecosystem; high mortality; rapid urbanization; coastal fishery; biodiversity loss; land degradation; land concession; legal recognition; land classification



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Fodor,Martin Ling,Stephen

Myanmar - Country Environmental Analysis : A Road towards Sustainability, Peace, and Prosperity : Synthesis Report (English). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group.